йǡѺ ҹ к俿㹺ҹ
Group Blog
 
All blogs
 

ͧѺҡ INVERTER (Թ)





㹻Ѩغѹ ʢͧûѴѧҹ ͼ¹¡ ù ECO ѧç᫧ҧ Եͧ俿㹵Ҵ ҧѴظ͡ҧѹ ͨй觪ԧǹ㹵Ҵ 㹪ǧҹ餧÷ѡ INVERTER (Թ) ա˹觨ش·ҡʢͧûѴѧҹ Եͧ俿ҹѺԹ

¡ҧ

кԹ ÷ӧҹͧͧšѺ سѴѧҹ

кԹ ͧӧҹҳ觢ͧ Ŵ٭¾ѧҹһª

ͧѺҡԹ ѵͧͧѺҡ ͺ駤ʺ СûѴѧҹҧ٧ش


ɳҵҧҹ 繤ӾٴѧǴٴ һзѺ ֧֡෤շ෤ ͹Ҥ ¤ ѧ ԧкԹ ѡ÷ӧҹҧ ·ҹ դ֡µɳ ѡͨԹᾧ ФԴ觷 ෤š͹Ҥ

觢稨ԧͧкԹ ¹ӢǺ¹繺Ѻ͡ ҹѧѡкԹӤ





觡͹ͧͧͧѺҡԹ ¹͡Ƕ֧ͧͧ ͧ INVERTER (Թ) ѡ÷ӧҹͧ Թѹҡҹáش ͹ҨѡͧѺҡ Inverter ҵͧ͹...äԹ Թ

ŧ INVERTER CONVERTER

·ҹԹҹ Ѻŧ Inverter 繵ŧ俨ҡẵö¹ 12V DC 俺ҹ 220V AC ػóҧ俿 ǧẺ Switching Ѻ¹俿ҡʵç 俿ҡѺ 俿ҡʵç ҷӡ¹Ҩҡ ẵ ͧԴ俿ҡʵç ἧ 俿ҡѺҹ ͹Ѻ俿ҷҡ觨㹺ҹ (㹺ҹ) ·ҹҨй֡͡ ѹ͵ŧ俷ö¹ º俨ҡشö ŧ͡俺ҹ (AC 220V) ͪ͡ẵͧ 굺 ͧԨԵ



еŧ Inverter ѧպҷӤѭ㹪ҧ ;鹷 к˹¢ͧ俿 ֧ Ǥ ŧ Inverter ͧѡͧк俿ҨҡѧҹʧҷԵ 觵ŧ Inverter ˹ҷŧ俿ҡʵçҡẵѺҨҡἧ ŧ俿ҡѺҹѺͧ俿

ػ Inverter ѡ÷ӧҹ ŧ俿 ʵç (Direct Current) 俿ҡѺ (Alternating Current)



Inverter ͧ觷çѹ 觡 Converter Converter кҧ俿ҷѡ÷ӧҹ㹷ҧѺѹ ŧ俿ҡѺ (Alternating Current) 俿ҡʵç (Direct Current) ¡ Converter
Converter ػóҧ俿 Ѻ¹俿ҡѺ 俿ҡʵç 俿ҡѺ ҷӡ¹ Ҩҡ觡Դ 俿ҡѺѺ觨㹺ҹ



¡ҧ ػó㹡ͧ DC Power Supply ŧ俿ҨҡѺ㹺ҹ͡俿ҡʵçѺҹ 觵ŧ俿 adapter Ѻẵ Ѵ㹡ͧ Converter



к Inverter Converter ѧպҷӤѭ㹡èѺػó硷͹ԡҧ ͧûͧѹ¨ҡԴԢͧк俿 ͧҡ㹻Ѩغѹ 俿ҷ㹻㹺ҧ鹷 ҧҨդ͹ǹͧʶҾͧѡк ҳç͹Ҩջѭҷ¡ çѹ 觻ѭ㹡è ҨҨҡ˵طҡк˹¢ͧÿ 觼ػóػóǢͧ㹧ҹҤáԨӤѭ кҹ 繵ͧաûͧѹҡ ԴԢͧ 俿 Ҩ˵طԴ ͧҹ

ùк Inverter Converter ͧѹػó硷͹ԡ ҧ UPS ( Uninterruptible Power Supply ) 觵 UPS ػó͡Ẻ ѭҹҧ Թ, 俵, 俴Ѻ, úǹ ¨зӧҹѺ ẵШ¡俿ͧѹ 俿ԴѺ ẵШ俿 §ͷз㹡ѡҢ ШѴûԴкҧ١ͧѡк




ҡٻ 俿 220 V AC Шѧǹ rectify transformer ǹзӡ¹ŧҡ 俿ҡѺ繡ʵç ŴдѺçѹ俿ҡѺçѹͧẵ ¨ multiplexer л mux ǹ Է俨ҡ rectify ҹ͡ѧ Թ ҡ俿ҴѺ mux зӡѺԷ¹俨ҡẵ·ѹ ͨҡ俿ҡʵçԹ Թ¹ 信ʵç信Ѻ觻Ѻ 信Ѻ͡ҨҡԹл͹ͧ俿 ·信Ѻ͡Ҩж١任͹ѺҷӡººѺҧԧ˹ ǹӼŨҡºº令ǺáԴͧԹ俿ҡѺդ褧ж١ͧ ͧ俿ҡѺͧ



к INVERTER 㹡äǺ÷ӧҹͧͧ俿

к INVERTER Ǻͧ俿 Ѵ繹ѵ Եͧ俿ɳ ͧҡк INVERTER ෤кǺҧ俿 ١ԴҾ
㹡ù к INVERTER 㹧ҹǺͧ俿 ѡ÷ӧҹ 
شǺ INVERTER 繵ǻѺҤ (frequency) Ѻͧ俿һ˹ǹ (Ŵ L) 觡 ˹ǹ , ŧ俿 е˹ǹ 繵(㹷¹Т͡Ƕ֧ Inverter Ǻ˹ǹ)

» к俿ҷѹšդҵðҹ 50 Hz. 60 Hz. ǹк俿Ңͧ ѹ кդ 50 Hz. ͤͧ俿һ˹ǹ ա¹ŧ 觼ŷçա¹ŧ 㹡óբͧ˹ǹ ¹ŧͧç硨ռŵͺعͧ
äǺкǺ Ẻ INVERTER ѧöѺͧ俿һ Ǵʹ 俿ҡѺ ŧ ͧ俿 繵




äǺͺ к INVERTER

ù Inverter ͧѺҡ й㹡äǺͺǹͧ 觡͹ ҵͧҷӤѡѺ ûѺͺ кԹѡͧ鹢ͧ Ѵػó俿 㹡ŧѧҹ俿 繾ѧҹ ¹Ӿѧҹ价 âѺ͹кŵҧͧ Ǣͧ ö˹
1. çԴͧŴ
2. ӹǹǢͧ
3. ͧ觨俷Ѻ
4. çѹѺ
Ǣͧöҡٵ ѧ仹

ͺ N = {[120 * f (Hz)] / ӹǹ P} * (1-S)

1-S ˹Ŵ

ҡٵâҧ鹨о Ҥͧ觨 ¹ŧ仡ռŷ դ¹ŧ ͷӡ¹ çѹ ռŷԴѡ ҡ鹨 Ҩ ͹Դ ѧ鹨֧ͧӡ¹ çѹǺ仡Ѻ С÷¹ŧ ͧ觨 ö Թ

ѡäǺͧкԹ Ǥ觨信Ѻ 俿ҡѺ ѧ͹ 觷˹ҷ¹俿 Ѻ 俿ҡʵç ǹ俿ҡʵç ԹصǧԹ觷˹ҷ¹俿ҡʵç俿ҡѺö͡ 令Ǻ դǵͧ




¹Ҵçѹ ͧԹ Ըաٻ蹢ͧçѹ öԸմѧ
1. ԸâҴçѹͧ俵ç (PAM : Pulae Amplitute Modulation)
2. ԸäҧͧԴ-Դҹ (PWM : Pulae Width Modulation)
- Square Wave
- Sine Wave
ԸըзԴŵᵡҧѹ͡


Ը PWM Ẻ Sine Wave 鹨աԴ-Դҹ˹ 1 ١蹢ͧ俿 СԴ-ԴФ駨ҡѹ ӹǹԴ-Դ 1 Թҷ ¡Ҥ (Carrier Frequency) Ը PWM Ẻ Sine Wave ٻẺǺԴ-ԴԵ 3 Ẻ

ǹ͹
͹¹俿ҡѺ俿ҡʵç Сͺ仴
1. ǹͧ͹ ˹ҷŧ俿ҨҡѺ俿ҡʵç ¡ͧʹ
2. ǹͧ͹ഹ ˹ҷͧ(Ŵ ripple) 纻Ш
3. ǧèӡѴԹѪ(IN RUSH CURRENT SUPPRESSION) ˹ҷӡѴ зաԴԵͧԹ繤á


äǺԹ

1. ʵ ѭҳ駤Թ¤ʵ мԵçԴ ҡԹФ зçԴͧ٧çԴͧ Ŵ ֧ع

2. 觤СԹͧ¤Ǥ ѧҡʵԹ ͡ǨФ ֧ͧ ǧ㹡ҡ觤 ͤ ͡ҡѺͧ 觤ǡ稺 Թ÷ӧҹ㹪ǧҡԹͧ ¤Ǥ

3. Ŵ µ駤ӡҤ͡ ԹŴŧ ǧ ҡŴǷ 㹢Ŵ ͺͧդҡҤͧ͡Թ зӧҹ ͹ͧԴ俿 Ե俨¡ѺԹ (regeneration) çѹ俵ç (çѹ ͹ഹ) դ ѧԹǧ÷˹ҷѺѧҹԴҡ regeneration 觨ռŷԴä ǧù¡ ǧä׹ѧҹ

ѧҹԴҡ regeneration л͹ѺҪ쨻Шط͹ഹ çѹ դ٧ çѹ٧Ҥҷ˹ ҹ ǧäзӧҹ ա żҹǵҹҹä ǵҹҹ͹ 繡ҼҭѧҹԴҡ regeneration оѧҹ ͹ഹ ж١͡Ҵ çѹ դŴŧ ŴŧӡҤҷ˹ ҹ شӧҹ äش

㹪ǧŴǨзӧҹѡɳй Ҿѧҹդҹ (çԴѺŴ բҴ) ѵҡҹǧäе ҧҨӧҹ¡
ѵҡҹǧä Ѻ͡Ẻ¡þԨóͧк¤͹ 2-3 % ҹ աä äҹԹ зԴѭҡк¤͹ͧǵҹҹ Ҩ ҹ

4. ش ԹŴŧ֧дѺ˹ ШмԵ俵çͷӧҹä ش ¡ ä俵ç
ǤԴ㹡͡ҴԹ ҤԴԹ ͹Ѻ觨俷¾ѧҹ͢Ѻ Фԡ͡Թ Ҵ˭㴡觴 öԴԷ ҷصͧԹ ԴԴ¡ ѹ ͹Ѻ觨 ǤԴ ١ͧͧҡ ͧͧ٧ ԹբҴ˭ Թ繠


----------------------------------------------------


ѡ÷ӧҹͧͧѺҡԹ

ͧѺҡкԹ 繡ùкǺԹ 繵ǻѺͺͧ 觨з ӧҹͺʹ㹪ǧԴҹ(سͧŴӡҷҡ еѴ÷ӧҹ蹡ѹ)֧Ҥӧҹͺʹ ÷ӧҹդͺ㹡âѺ͹ᵡҧѹ Ƿᵡҧռ㹡äǺسԢͧͧ 觵ҧҡͧѺҡẺ äǺس¡ ԹͷӤ ͤͧ ֧ش ǤǺسԡеѴ÷ӧҹͧ ҹ֧ա Թ-ش ʹ




ûѺسԢͧͧѺҡ Ẻ Ѻ ẺԹ

ͧѺҡẺѹ äǺسػóǨѴس ҨʵҷẺҹԡ ʵẺ硷͹ԡ ẺҹԤ硷͹ԡ ѡ÷ӧҹ͹ѹ ѡ÷ӧҹͧʵҷ ǨѴسͧ 觡ӧҹس ҳ سͧ٧ҷ 1-2 ͧ еҤǺ ӧҹ ͧŧ سͧŴŧ ֧дѺ ʵҷеѴشԹ 㹡äǺسẺ Թѧ ش Ͷ֧سԷ 觼سдѺ¤ ¤Ҩ֡͹˹㹪ǧ Թش зӤѭ Թ شͧ͹ҧԹ俾 ͧҡ» ÷Թ СԹ٧Ǣ ͷ¡ ʵ , LRA. (Lock Rotor Amp.) 繡㹪ǧԹҷ 觡ʵ취դҡҡʷԹ ҳ 3-5 觶繤Ẻ١ٺ ҨԴҡ ͡ҡ Թʵҹҹ Ҩ觼µ

ͧѺҡẺԹ äǺس Ըա ¹ŧҤ俿 Ŵҹ سͧ 觡äǺسԢͧͧѺҡԹ Ըա÷͹ҡЫѺ͹ еͧسͧ һżŴªشä ǻż͡繤ҤФǺͺ÷ӧҹͧ 觡äǺسԢͧͧѺҡẺԹ سͧ дѺ ФԹʹҷԴҹ ͺԹդᵡҧѹŴ

աԹش Ŵѧҹ㹡ʵ ͧѺҡẺԹѡäǺس Դ к觡ʵ͡ҧ Ǥͺ÷ӧҹѧ 觷Ӥ ͺ÷ӧҹ٧ Ѵçѹ÷Ӥ ١Ѵ͡㹻ҳҡ 觼Դ繷ҡ ͧŧ кŴͺ÷ӧҹͧŧ 觼Ѵçѹ÷Ӥ繶١Ѵ͡㹻ҳŧ Դ繡Ŵŧ 繡ѡس餧 سͧŴŧ֧дѺ سա㹪ǧ˹ شӧҹ㹷ش ͧҡ˵ؼŷеͧӧҹ繡÷ӧҹͺӡ

ºѺͧѺҡẺ ͧѺҡẺԹ Ѵѧҹһҳ 30-50% ѧѡسʺ¤ 件֧÷ӧҹ¤ͺѧ繡êŴ֡ͧ͢ǹ




ǡѺͧѺҡԹ


ҹйͶ
ҡٴ֧ͧͧҹФҪͶͧ͢к ͧѺҡẺԹ աùǧ÷ҧ硷͹ԡѺ͹繵ǤǺ Ҩ觼դѧ 㹴ҹҹФͶ 觤ԵѧŷԴ鹢ͧ 繻ѭӤѭ㹻ȡѧѲ 
Թ кժǹҧŤ͹ԡѺ͹ҡ ա ҡѺõԴ駷ҡӺҡ 件֧ ҡȷ͹¹ŧ¢ͧ Դѧ㹻ѭͧҹ СͺѺŷҧ෤Ԥ´ͧк ҧѷԵ ·Դ͡¹͡ ҡջѭ͹Ҥеͧ١ҴѺٹԡ§ҧ ǹҵͧҾԨóҡѹ


㹴ҹҤ
㹵ҴͧѺҡȺҹ ѴͧѺҡẺԹ ҤҤҵǷ͹ҧ٧ ºҤҢͧͧѺҡẺԹ Ѻ ͧѺҡẺ о ͧѺҡẺԹҤᾧҡѹҡºѺͧѺҡẺҠ
駹Ѻͧë ˵ؼŢͧê»ѴѧҹлѴԹ ͧҴ١ѹ ûѴѧҹѺҡͧѺҡԹ ºѺèᾧŧع ҷФع դҡѹ

㹻Ѩغѹ ͧ¡觢ѹ٧ 㹵ҴͧѺҡ 觼Թͧ͡Ҵ繨ӹǹҡ 㹡ͧͧѺҡ Inverter յ͡͡ 
շͧѺҡ Inverter Ҥᾧ ҡùԵʹѧ
ͧѺҡ Inverter Ҥ ҡԵҵյҴ
ѹҧ˹ ͧѺҡ Inverter ٨͹Ҥʴ ҡԵͧѺҡùѧͧ˹ѡ˭ ѧԹáԨẺɳçش еҤҢ·٧Թ ¤ԴҵЪ§ҹҹ
觶ѧ蹹 Ҽͧ͡ѹͧѺҡ Inverter Ҥҡ


ѭҤ俿ͧѺҡ Inverter
ѭҤѭҳúǹк俿 ͷ¡ ԡ (Harmonics) ѭҳúǹԴҡػó俿һ Թ, ͹ ػóԷ觵ҧ
觡ͧѺҡ кǺẺ Inverter 觼Դ ԡ úǹк俿 ԡ Դҡ Inverter 觷§ҡ 觶繻ѭѡͧк Inverter
ҡŷ¹Һ » ੾ҧ ջû ա͡¤ǺǡѺҳ俿ҷҨ觼úǹк俿


ع¹ͧѹк
ѧ ǹк÷ӧҹͧ ͧѺҡԹ ա÷ӧҹͺǷᵡҧ 㹡÷ӧҹͺ Ҩ觼ѹ蹷кع¹ 觻ѭ ع¹ѹѺҤ繻ѭѡѺкöѺҴ÷Ӥ ෤ 㹻Ѩغѹ¡ѹ (Oil Separator) кع¹ѹѺ͹ ͪع¹ͧѹ дǡ㹤ͺ




 

Create Date : 16 áҤ 2553    
Last Update : 17 áҤ 2560 23:25:45 .
Counter : 42366 Pageviews.  

ǧ俿ͧ鹢ͧ 1



ǧ俿ҢͧͧѺҡ Ӥѭҧ˹ ʵ͡ ѹҧҺ仨ҨеѴش÷ӧҹ 
 
㹺Ѻ ¹͡Ƕ֧ǧ俿ҷ㹡ʵ͡ѹ ͧѺҡ кẺ 1 Ẻ (Single Phase) ѡ
 


ͧͧѺҡ ѹ㹷ѡ 繤ẺԴʹԷ աùǹͧѴ÷Ӥ ͤ ǹ鹡ѧ ¡ѹ㹪شǡѹ Ѻ͹ к俿 1 ẺʻԷ (Split-phase motor)
 


ʻԷբǴѹ 2 ش

1. ѹ͢ (Running Winding, Main Winding) ѹǴ˭ ըӹǹͺҡ зӧҹ Ǵѹ俿żҹʹ Ҩ繡ʵ ͪǧѹӧҹ

2. ʵ (Starting winding) 繢ǴشͧѺع ѹǴ Шӹǹͺ¡Ңѹ ·仨͡Ẻ颴Ǵʵ췷ӧҹ§㹪ǧ͡ҹ ѧع͡黡 Ǵʵ취ж١Ѵ÷ӧҹŧ жһ俨袴ǴʵẺ з颴Ǵʵ͹Ѵ ẺʻԷʷ ػó㹡õѴ俷Ңʵ Եç§˹ٹҧ
 


Եç§˹ٹҧ (Centrifugal switch)

Եç§˹ٹҧ ˹ҷѴǧʵ çҧͧԵç§ лСͺǹӤѭ 2 ǹ ǹѺ (Stationary part) лСͺԴѺһԴǷ¢ͧ ǹͧ˹˹ҷͧ 2 ѹ ǹع (Rotating part) ǹԴѺҢͧ 
÷ӧҹͧԷ˹ٹҧ ӧҹͤͺͧ 75 繵 ͧͺ٧ش здѺ зǹԴѺ᡹Ңͧç§˹ٹҧͷмѡѹǹԴѺҢͧ͡ ˹¡͡ҡѹѴǧâʵҧѵѵ
 
ʻԷʷ㹤 öѴǧâͧǴʵ췴 Եç§˹ٹҧ ֧繵ͧաù ͤһҫ ػó 㹡ʵѹ
 



ͧѺҡȹ ǹͧ俿ҷè㹵Ƕѧͧ ẺʻԷ Ҩըӹǹͺ÷ӧҹ٧ش֧ 2,900 ͺ/ҷ 
¡õҹ ѡ͢ǵ͡ҹ͡͹͵Ƕѧ ӹǹ 3  
R, S C
R (Run) 繢ǷҨҡ´ҹ˹觢ͧǴѹ
S (Start) 繢ǷҨҡ´ҹ˹觢ͧǴʵ
C (Common) 繢 繨شͧաҹ˹ ҨҡѹТʵ
 


õǧ俿 ԹԹ仨Ҩش աõǧҹٻẺ 駹 õǧẺ 繵ͧԨóѺҹТҴѧͧ


ٻẺõǧ俿Ңͧ Ẻҧ

1.ǧ俿ҢͧẺ RSIR (Resistance Start Induction Run)
ǧẺ RSIR ӧҹʵ Դӧҹ¡ (Current Relay) ӧҹ еǧ駢ǴѹТǴʵ쵤úǧ ҧçԴҡӧҹ ѧҡ ع͡ еѴǧ俿ա俿Ҩѧʵ ͢Ǵѹӧҹ§ 
ǧʵẺ ੾Ф좹Ҵ Ẻ㹵 觡ѧͧеͧբҴԹ 1/3 ç дѺеͧáѧ駪ǧʵЪǧӧҹҡѡ
 



2.ǧ俿ҢͧẺ CSIR (Capacitor Start Induction Run)
CSIR 繡õǧ¡ѺẺ RSIR ҧѹ§һҫẺʵ ͹ءҧ˹ʢͧТǴʵ췢ͧ õǧẺ֧çԴ㹪ǧ鹴աẺ RSIR 
ǹǧѧҡʵ͡ ѹͷӧҹ зӧҹ͹ѺẺ RSIR 
ǧù ҹͧӤ繢Ҵ ֧Ҵ 3/4 ç
 



3.ǧ俿ҢͧẺ PSC (Permanent Split Capacitor)
õǧ Ẻ PSC һҫẺѹ ҵ͹ء¶áѺǴʵ췢ͧ һҫТǴʵ취ա俿Ҩ駪ǧʵ ЪǧӧҹҵѴǧ
㹪ǧáͧ÷ӧҹ ʵ취ѺШ俿Ҩҡһҫ ԴçԴ㹵͹ʵ췪ع͡ ѧҡʵ͡ ʵ취ж١ӡѴżҹ Ҥҹҹ㹵ǤһҫҪ¨ӡѴʷżҹʵдѺ

дТзӧҹ աʼҹ駢ǴѹТǴʵ  աѧѺաǧʵ Ẻ RSIR CSIR ͧӤͧѺҡȵ袹Ҵ ֧ 5 ç 
¡ʵẺ й੾кӤ ö෤ѹҧҹѹ٧Фѹ (balance pressure) 㹢Фشӧҹ к capillary tube (᤻)
ǧáʵẺ龺繻ҹ к (Fix speed) õ袹Ҵ˭ҡ 
 



4.ǧ俿ҢͧẺ CSR (Capacitor Start and Run)
CSR 繡õǧ¡ѺẺ PSC ҧѹ§һҫẺʵ췵͹ءѺǴʵ췢ͧ ʵ췪Դӧҹ¤Ҥҧѡ俿 (Potential relay) 繵ǵѴһҫʵӧҹѧҡ鹷ӧҹعǻҳ 75 % ͧͺ
ǧʵẺǧ÷ѧǧ觢 ǧѧҡʵ͡ 㹡ѹԹ зӧҹ͹ѺõǧẺ PSC 

ǧʵẺ֧١Ѻкö balance pressure Фشӧҹ кŴѹԴ Ᾱ (thermostatic expansion valve) кǡеͧçԴ٧ҡ͢ѺŴ㹪ǧʵ
ѧѺҹ ѺͧѺҡȢҴ˭ Ъʵ͡Ǣͧҷ鹡 ǧêԴ ѺẺ١ٺ աѧçҵ 1 HP ͧѺҡȢҴ 20,000 BTU
 




 

Create Date : 10 չҤ 2553    
Last Update : 12 Ҥ 2563 12:49:36 .
Counter : 54389 Pageviews.  

紤ͧ㹡ҹ

(Refrigetator) ػóͧ俿 ѹҧ㹻Ѩغѹ ͧҡͧӹ¤дǡջªͪԵШѹҡ ˹ դ ͧù繨ҡҴѺ ѡҾ餧س״͡ ͧ¡ѡ㹵繷дѺسԤ лª㹡ѡҢͧҧ ӾǡǪѳͧҧ 觨 觷㹪Եͧ



ҧ١Ը

ҧ١Ը Ѵ зӤѭ繡ê״ءҹͧ ¤ѧҺ֧Ը㹡ҧ١Ը ԴҹẺԴ ءҹͧŧ 繷֧ҡ͹ 觼Тͧͧ͡紤㹡ҹ繷١ͧ ͪҧջԷҾ ա駪Ѵ Ъ״ءҹҹҵҷ



öʹ꡵ ͧ͡͹º
óչ 繤Ӷ¤ͺ¤ 觡öʹ꡵ ҡóշзӡͧ仵ա˹ ͨ˵ѹ㴡俿 ֧֡ҡ͹ºͨͧԹ áзӷѹѧҡʹ͡ ҧ 3-5 ҷ ͧҨҡ çѹ㹵 ѧѧҡͧشӧҹ ͸Ժѡä çѹͧ÷Ӥ͹㹵繷١ͧ͡ҹ ͷҧҹçѹ٧ ١Ѵ͡Ҩҡ зҧҹçѹ ١ٴѺҷҧͷҧٴͧ ͧشӧҹѹ çѹҹ٧١Ѵ价ҧҹçѹ ҧçѹ͹ѺҡԹͧѹշçѹѧ ͧ͡çҡ ͨҪç´ҹç·Դҡçѹ褧 ͧӧҹ˹ѡһ Թҡ Ҩ͡ʵ͡ յŴ͹ء ŴеѴ信͹͹ ҡ蹹¤ ҨءҹŧЪش㹷ش
ѧ ֧ ѧҡʹ꡵͡ 3-5 ҷ ͹ºͧԹա çѹšѹͧҹ ҡ蹷յ˹ǧ͵Դ駵˹ǧ ˹ǧҨз˹ҷ˹ǧͧԹѹѧҡº ͻͧѹ·ҨԴ



ùӢͧ͹Ѵ 㹵
ùҢͧ͹Ѵ㹵繷ѹ س㹵٧ ͧԹҹ鹡 º͹մͧͧ ӧҹ˹ѡ ͧѧҹҡ ա駤͹ҡͧ͹ѴҵҨз÷§ѹ㹵 Ҿҡ͹Ѻ ѧ鹤ùӢͧ͹Ѵ ҧ¹͡سŴŧ¡͹й СûԴеٵ繷 ٭ Ф͹᷹ Թҹ 觼ͧѧҹ



ҡ㹵ҡȷ
鹷Ǻǡ繹 ҡ㹵 ҡȷҡ ûѵоתѡҡ㹵 ͧաáѡ纤ѵоתѡ٭¤͡ ҡѵ٭¤鹨зǢͧ駴ҷҹ 駾תѡ蹡ѹ ٭¤鹨зҴѺзҹ٭¤سҷҧŧ ѧ鹤ááѡ纤ѵоתѡ¡اʵԡѴҡاҨлء¡蹾ʵԡ¡Ҿʵԡû ҪзսһԴԴԴ Ъ¡ѡ纤ѵоתѡ ʴ Ѻзҹ
ѵ訹繹 ҡ͡һا о͹͹觫á ѵ» šŢͧӡШѵ šŢͧѵ秵 ͧԡ秷Դ ТµзᷧŢͧѵ ҧ ѧࡵŧ͹Ѻ͹觫



ͧդ ᷧ
㹪ͧ ѺẺҷẺ⹿ 觨˹Ң ҡջҳҡԴԴҪͧдǡ ͧա¹ ¡á¹㹵 ͡öʹ͡(ºѺǢͧ) 索Ҵ ͧդй㹵 Фҡ觢ͧդ ҨзᷧҧԹҷἧͧͧ秷ᵡ йк Ѻѹ ͡ ҡԹͧ·Һҹк йѹѡ͡ҡչ¨ҡ ͧԹҹ 㹵繵ǤǺسԨ֧Ѵ÷ӧҹ ӧҹҹҹ ·չѹк¤͹ к¤͹ҡҡ ͹Ѵ 㹷ش



ҧ㹺dzк¤͹
к¤͹ͧ㹵 ¡ö෤͹ҡҡȸҵԷѴҹ ἧ͹ҹѧͧ ¹ʶҹ ֧繵ͧ¡öҡȷ ͪ㹡к¤͹ҡἧ͹(ἧ͹) ֧ҧҧҡѧҹѧлҳ 1ص ҧ¨ԧ ҧҡѧҳ 4-5 ͪҡȾѴҹ件෤͹ Ѵ




 

Create Date : 16 ѹҤ 2552    
Last Update : 16 ѹҤ 2552 18:51:53 .
Counter : 73011 Pageviews.  

÷Ӥ (Refrigerant)




͡ẺкӤ ö͡÷Ӥ (Refrigerant)ªԴ ÿä͹ (Chloro fluoro carbon : CFCs) ä͹ ( ྐྵ, ෹, ͷչ 鹵) ͹͡䫴 ҡ (кѺҡȢͧͧԹ) й ѧ Ը㹡͡ҧ֧Ѻ

ͷ ١÷ӤкӤẺѴǤáԧҳԪ㹻 ..1850 ͨҡ鹡ա÷Ӥ繪Դ ͹͡䫴 Ťô ͡䫴 ෹ ෹ ྐྵ ⫺෹ չФÿä͹Դҧ

صˡиáԨҴ˭ ǹ˭ ¨繾 ͧҡբʹººѺ÷Ӥ繪Դ ҤҶ١ Էö (COPs) ٧ ռŷ鹷عͧѧҹͧ¡ ѵԷҧ䴹ԡФö㹡ö͹͹ա դԷö͹͹٧ (öͧš¹͹բҴ硡Ҥҷ١) ͡ҡ ѧµ͡õǨѺԴ ѧռµͪ⫹㹺ҡ ѡͧ 繾ɫ觷㹡ù ¹١кӤ繢ͧصˡ 繼ʴ, ѡ, л ͧ , ǹ й ȡ üԵ кӤصˡصˡ 繷ѧࡵ ʹյ÷Ӥ繷١صˡкҹ͹ѡ÷վ ͡䫴, ͷŤô Ťô ѧ ԴŢ СԴѹ¢鹵ҧҧҡ ˵ءóԴ㹻 ..1920 ЪҪԴҡûªԵ繨ӹǹҡ ѧ鹨֧ա¡ͧӡѴ÷Ӥҹ ֧繼ŷդ繵ͧաþѲ÷Ӥ繷դʹҡ㹺ҹ͹ ѧ ѷ Frigidaire General Motors աԨоѲ÷Ӥ R-21 ÷Ӥ繪Դá㹡ͧ÷Ӥ繨Ӿǡ CFCs 㹻 ..1928 ҡþѲ÷Ӥ繨Ӿǡ CFCs ҡªԴ Ԩ¡龺÷Ӥ R-12 ÷Ӥ繷شԧҳԪ ա÷Ӥ繨Ӿǡ CFCs ҧä Freon üԵ R-11 R-12 ԧҳԪ 㹻 ..1931 ºѷعҧѷ General Motors E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Co., Inc. ͧҡèӾǡ CFCs öªҡҤҵ鹷عӷö͡èӾǡ CFCs ÷Ӥ ͡ҡ CFCs ѧ١ҧҧҧصˡлͧѴѺմ (aerosols) ǹӾǡ 硷͹ԡ Ѻصˡ硷͹ԡ èӾǡ CFCs ж١繵Ƿ㹡÷ӤҴԾ



÷Ӥ R-11 йػó Water chillers Ҵ˭ѺкѺҡҤ 件֧ҧкҡóդ颳ҹ ÷Ӥ R-11ҧҺááӾǡк ǹ÷Ӥ R-12 ѡж١ͧӤ ͧ ֧кѺҡö¹ ǹ÷Ӥ R-22 ж١ͧѺҡẺ¡ǹẺԴ˹ҵҧ, ͹ кѺҡҤҹ кӤصˡҴ˭ 繤觷ӤѭͧèӾǡ ǹ÷Ӥ R-502 (ͧҧ R-115 R-22) ÷ӤкӤҹҵҧ ػ



ҡԡĵҧҹ⫹ ЪҤšʹ㨡Ѻ÷Ӥ੾ҧèӾǡ CFCs صˡͧӤͧѺҡ 㹻 ..1970 龺 CFCs ռŷѧŵõ (UV) ѧ鹺ҡȢͧšҡ 㹢ǡѹ ͧѹѧԹõ͡ҡ鹺ҡȢͧš ռŷԴҡó͹Ш (Greenhouse effect) СԴŷҤ سԢͧš٧ ҡ˵ҹͧ »Ȩ֧աèӾǡ CFCs ੾ҧ CFCs Fully halogenated ( R-11, R-12, R-115) зª⫹㹺ҡӹǹҡ ǹ÷Ӥ繻 Nonfully halogenated R-22 դö㹡÷⫹ҳ 5% ͧ R-12 㹻ѨغѹաþѲ CFCs ª⫹㹺ҡͻͧѹšʹ鹨ҡѹ¨ҡѧŵõ㹢ǡѹԴѭһҡó͹Ш ÷ѲФҴö᷹÷Ӥ R-12 ÷Ӥ R-134a



û÷Ӥ㹪鹺ҡ˹˵طԴš͹С÷ª
⫹ ҤѰ ͡š˹ѡ֧ѭҴѧСѹصˡ
кѺҡȤԴ÷Ӥ繷᷹ԵõǴ

÷Ӥ繵ªԴ١Դͷ᷹÷Ӥ繵 ͷ¡÷
CFC (R22) »ʺ ͧҡþѲ÷Ӥ繷ᵡҧ
ѹлȢͧšԴ÷Ӥ繷᷹աªԴ㹪ǧҵ 觺ҧԴ
üʶ ÷Ӥ繪Դ H134a ÷Ӥ繵á鷴᷹÷
繪Դ R22 繷Ѻ㹵ҴСä ͧҡ÷Ӥ繪Դç
ѹӷͧ좹Ҵ˭Ҥ 鹷عͧк٧

㹡ҧ 1990 ÷Ӥ繪Դ R407C ١͡Ẻ դҡ÷Ӥçѹ
§Ѻ÷Ӥ繪Դ R22 觷ҷҨ͡ẺҧջԷҾҧѧҹ
кºҡѺк÷Ӥ繪Դ R22 ҧá ÷Ӥ繪Դ R407C
÷Ӥش繷㹵Ҵû سѵԢͧ÷Ӥ繪Դ
ª⫹ Ŵš͹ öѺк÷Ӥ繪Դ R22
§Ẻ硹ҹ ǹʹ¢ͧ÷Ӥ繪Դ ͤʶ㹺ҧʶҹТͧ
ѴǹФسѵԢͧ лԷҾŴŧ硹¨ҡ R22 ҧá ͡˭
¨ҡʹѺʹع÷Ӥ繪Դ R407C ѺкѺҡȷ
Ҵû ѺҴ蹹 ǹ˭ͧҴѧ÷Ӥ繪Դ R410a ᷹

㹻Ѩغѹ ÷Ӥ繪Դ R410a ǹСͺͧ fluorocarbon ÷Ӥش١
ѲҢͷ᷹÷Ӥ繪Դ R22 ÷Ӥ繪Դ繪ԴѺ㹵Ҵк
Ѻҡȷš 㹡 ȭ繻á÷Ӥ繪Դҧ
ººѺ Ҵ»

㹻ȨչþѲ÷Ӥ繷᷹͹ҧҡһ ͧҡԵ
ѧ÷Ӥ繪Դ R22 ҧá ÷Ӥ繪Դ R410a
ҡ͹ҤҡúѧѺͧҵðҹԷҾҧѧҹ ҡ 5 շصˡšѹʹ ¹÷Ӥ
R410a ԵõǴ ᷹÷Ӥ繪ԴҨٴ ÷Ӥ
繪Դ R410a ÷Ӥ͹Ҥ



÷Ӥ繪Դ R410a ˹÷Ӥ繵С Hydro Fluoro Carbon (HFC) ǹ
صˡкѺҡʹ ͹աºѧѺԡ÷Ӥ繷
Ǵҧ索Ҵ㹻 2010 ᵡҧ÷Ӥ繪Դ R410a ա÷Ӥ
Դ ª⫹

ʹբͧ÷Ӥ繪Դ R410a աš¹͹ դʶâͧѴǹ
سѵ ҳҹŧ ЪкѺҡջԷҾ÷ӧҹ ФسҾͧ§
բ ҡ ÷Ӥ繪Դ R410a բ蹷Ѵਹ˹͡÷Ӥ
繪Դ ᷹÷Ӥ繪Դ R22 㹻Ѩغѹ


´õҧ Ѵ÷Ӥ







 

Create Date : 11 ѹҤ 2552    
Last Update : 9 áҤ 2555 14:42:28 .
Counter : 21766 Pageviews.  

÷ӷ Oil Trap ѡѹкͧѺҡ

¤ͧԴ㹡óդ͹٧Ҥ Ҩѧࡵ繪ҧӷѡɳ Ѵٻҹ ͷ¡ѹҡ÷ Oil Trap - Trap(þ) 觡÷ Trap 㹧ҹԴкͧѺҡ Ҩ¡ª Ѻѡѹ,ʹѡѹ,þѡѹ,ͤҹ ¡ͤ͡͹ѹ ѾҧФ

觡÷ Oil Trap 㹧ҹԴͧѺҡ 2 ٻẺѡ ѡɳз ͷ Trap Ẻ U-Trap Ẻ P-Trap ҨлءẺ S-Trap ٻẺ ҧԴҧ



˵طͧӷ Trap 㹡óշҧ͹㹵˹٧˹ͤ ͧҡ͸Ժ§ͧҵ "ͧǷءԴŨҡ٧ŧ" кͧӤ繡蹡ѹ ѹ㹤ʶҹТͧ 觹ѹ㹤 ˹ҷ㹡к¤͹ кҧ͡㹤 㹡óշͧӧҹ ôٴѴ÷Ӥ繢ͧ Ѵѹ㹵͡Ҿ÷ӤҷҧͷҧѴ дٴѺ㹤ҧͷҧٴ 㹡õԴԸش͹ҧ㹵˹觵ӡҤ ѹ šѺç֧ٴҧ´ ҡõԴ駷ͧҧ͹٧˹ͤ ҡա÷ӷʹѡѹѹŧ蹡ѹк͹٭ҡ šѺšѺѹ͡к¤͹ ͧҡѹդ˹״й˹ѡҡ÷Ӥ繷ʶҹ㹷ͷҧٴ к¤͹ ͹֧͹Ѵ

ɮ͵ ѡ 㹡óդ٧ᵡҧѹԹ 10ص 繵ͧӷʹѡѹ ǹҡФ٧дѺԹ 3-5ص й Ъҧǹ˭й蹡ѹ ͪԷҾ㹡÷ӧҹ Ъ״ءҹ ҧ¡ ѡͧͧѺҡ Ҥһҳ 30-40% ͧͧѺҡȷ駪شС÷ӷ Trap ѡѹ ҡФ٧ᵡҧѹҡ Ҩ繵ͧӷʹѡѹԸյԴ駷դҴ§͡ҡ¡ 1/2 дѺǷǹ͹ 㹡óշҧ͹٧˹ͤ
ǹͧ´͹ҧ¤Ҩͧ 繼·Դ ءҹŧҷ ֧Ӥѭ㹡ôѡӧҹҧջԷҾ ءҹҷ



෤ԤôѴ Trap

෤Ԥ㹡ôѴ Trap ѡɳС÷ӷ Trap ͡÷ӷٻҹ ¡Ѻ÷ӷʹѡ㹷͹ӷ駹ͧ ѡɳз¡ Trap Ẻ ¡ҡٻẺͧôѴ 觡ôѴѡ 2 ٻẺ Ẻ U-Trap Ẻ P-Trap ö͡ٻẺٻẺ˹觵дǡ㹡õԴ 㹷ҧɮաá˹÷ӷ Trap §ҹͷҧٴͷ˭ ˵ط˹ǹͷҧٴҧ 繡ûͧѹçѹ㹽觷ͷҧѴԴ٭çѹҧżҹҷʹѡѹ 㹧ҹԴ駨ԧ ҧдѴͷ2 Trap ӡǹҧоѹͷͧѹ෻ǹ ͤ§㹧ҹԴ駹ͧ ǹͧ㹡ôѴѺѡä еͧ駤駤᤺ͧ Trap з ҡ Trap ᤺ԹѡԹ Ҩзᵡ Oil Trap ᤺ҡ仡觼ŵ͡Դ ͧҡçѹҷһзСѺФ᤺ çѹŴŧ ռŵ͡Դ á˹зʹѡѹ С˹㴡 鹷㹡õԴФâͧҧԴ







ѡâͧ Trap ѡѹ

㹡óշҧ͹٧˹ͤ ͹ѹк ١çٴҡٴšѺ㹤 觶١ٴµç§ҧǹ ǹѧ ҵҧ㹷 Trap ѡѹ ͹ѹҵҧ㹷ʹѡ ջҳçǹҧشͧʹѡѹ 觹ѹ㹷ʹѡѹͧҹ дѺѹ Դçҡ㹹ѹ赡ŧdzʹѡ çٴͧçѹҷҴѹѹšѺ㹻ҳ öٴѹѺҵǢͧѹҧջԷҾ Ъǧ㹢зش÷ӧҹѹ蹷ҵҧ㹷 Oil Trap ж١ٴѺ价˹ҷ㹤 ͤ鹡÷ӧҹ ҧǴ








šзҨԴҡӷ Trap ѡѹ

㹡óշҧͧ٧ҡ ա÷ӷ Trap ѡѹ 繼ŷѹ١ٺմк÷Ӥ šѺк¤͹ѹ к¤͹蹪ǹҧ㹤 ҡСк¤͹ 觼ŷ͹Ѵ ˵طǹ֡Ъش ͢Ǵ 件֧ͧ ÷ͧӧҹ˹ѡʹٴѹѺ㹵 Ҩ觼Ŷ֧çٴ ҨŴŧ仨֧§㹷ҹ





 

Create Date : 13 Ȩԡ¹ 2552    
Last Update : 22 ¹ 2555 13:25:52 .
Counter : 62869 Pageviews.  

1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  

KanichiKoong
Location :
ʧ Thailand

[Profile ]

ԻҢͧ Blog [?]
ҡͤѧ
Rss Feed
Smember
Դ͡ : 275 [?]




ͧҧõԴͼѴ

- ѧ
- E-mail : aum_tawatchai@hotmail.com
- ID Line : atb1992
-------------------------------------
-------------------------------------
New Comments
Friends' blogs
[Add KanichiKoong's blog to your web]
Links
 

 Pantip.com | PantipMarket.com | Pantown.com | © 2004 BlogGang.com allrights reserved.