INFINITIVES and the -ING FORM after VERBS (2)
Here we take a look at some more complicated points.
1.Change of meaning
Some verbs can be followed by both structures. In some cases,
the meaning changes depending on the structure used. With
“remember” and “forget”, we use the –ing form to talk about
something that happened in the past and the infinitive to talk
about with one had/had to do. With “regret”, the –ing from also
refers to the past, while the infinitive is mainly used to express
that you’re sorry about you’re about to say
♥ I remember sending that letter. (past event)
♥ Please remember to send the letter. (obligation)
♥ I’ll never forget losing all my money in the crash. (past)
♥ We mustn’t forget to book a table for four. (obligation)
♥ I’ll always regret turning down his offer. (past)
♥ We regret to inform you that your flight is cancelled. (sorry)
There is also a change in meaning after “try” and “go on”:
♥ You must try to be more careful in future. (=make an effort)
♥ Have you tried turning the knob the other way? (=do something
to see what happens)
♥ I will probably go on working after retirement. (= continue
♥ She left the company and went on to work for an NGO.
(=do something different)
In the example sentences so far, the infinitive/-ing form does
not have its own subject (or the subject of the infinitive/-ing
form is identical with the subject of the preceding verb). In
many cases the rule for which structure to use is the same when
the infinitive/-ing form has its own subject. Some examples:
♥ I would like to work for the UN.
♥ I would like him to work for me
Other examples with “to” + infinitive: advise. ask, enable,
expect, force, help, invite, order, persuade, remind, teach,
tell, want, warn
♥ Can you imagine joining the army?
♥ I can’t imagine Jim joining the army.
Other examples with “-ing” : appreciate, like, see. understand
Sometimes, however the structure changes when the subject does:
♥ Do they alow/ permit smoking in here?
♥ He won’t allow/permit anyone to smoke.
♥ Our boss doesn’t encourage working overtime.
♥ Diana encouraged me to work less
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