Introduction of Organic Chemistry

㹻Ѩغѹա֡ҧҹԨ·ǡѺԹҧҡ պҷӤѭ㹪ԵШѹҨͧͧ ͧҧ ੾мԵѳҵͧҹʡѴ÷ҡҵ ʹ͡ķҧҾ 㹺ҧ÷ʡѴҡҵ ջҳҡ ö价ӧҹԨµ СͺѺкǹʡѴ ҹҹ ֧˵ ѡӧҹԨǡѺѧâ ʵͧԹըشԴҨҡѧȵ 19


ѧȵ 19


㹡ѧ ¹šŷѧѧšŧ դѺ͹ҡ յáӡѧ (urea) Wohler㹻 .. 1828 㹡ѧ좳й õ駵͹Թ NH4+CNO-(ammonium cyanate) 㹻 .. 1845 Kolbe ӡѧôЫյԡ (acetic acid) Kolbe“ synthesis” ͡ѧ繤á ͷ͸Ժ¡кǹ÷¹Թյ˹Թյ 㹻 .. 1869 ҹԨ¢ͧGraebe Liebermann ӡѧ alizarinѴûСͺ
anthraquinone Ҩҡҡͧ madder

ҧͧûСͺ١ѧ ؤȵ 19


ҡз㹻 .. 1890 Emil Fisher ӡѧ ӵš (glucose) ҡ glycerol 觡ѧ駹 Ѵ繡ѧá stereochemistryǢͧ ѧ֧ ÷еͧǺ stereochemistry ͧüԵѳ Դҧ١ͧ ҡҹԨ¢ͧ Emil Fisher Ҩ繡ѧûСͺ indole ҡ phenylhydrazeneͷ¡ Fisher indole synthesis ֡ҡ epimerize ͧӵ Ѻҧ Nobel Ң 㹻 .. 1902 繤ͧ ͨҡ J.H. Van’t Hoff


䡢ͧԡ Fisher indole synthesis



㹡÷Ӥ㨻ԡԹö͸Ժ»ԡ䡢ͧԡ ҧ Fisher indole synthesis Ըա¹䡢ͧԡҨ͸Ժѧ

ѧҡ繵 դ˹㹴ҹͧԷʵ෤ҧҡ ͧͧͧ㹡 ҹԷʵᾷ Էʵ ʵͧԹաþѲҧҡ ö͡ẺѧԹçҧšŷѺ͹ö٨çҧͧҧǴ 觼СǶ֧鹰ҹͧѹ ѧѹͧûСͺԹ ¡ûСͺԹ ͧ䡢ͧԡ ʹԡҢͧûСͺҧԹ鹰ҹ ѧ






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Basic Chemistry,Organic Chemistry