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Wednesday,September 28, 2016
Jesus Lived in India, 1983[แก้ไขต้นฉบับ]
Jesus Lived in India promotes the claims both of Nicolas Notovich(1894) regarding the unknown years ofJesus between the ages of 12 and 30 in India, also Ahmadiyya founder Ghulam Ahmad'sclaims regarding the years aged 33 to age 120 in India, and the burial of Jesusat the Roza Bal shrine in Srinagar. Kersten also drawson earlier material by Jacolliot,AndreasFaber-Kaiser, and German popular novelist Siegfried Obermeier(also 1983). The book was translated intoChinese in 1987.
Like others beforehim Kersten follows MirzaGhulam Ahmad in his sources. For example, a passage in the Bhavishya Puranawhich refers to Jesus as "Isa-Masih" (Jesus the Messiah). The passagedescribes the Hindu king Shalivahanatravelling to mountains where he meets a man who calls himself Isa, son of aVirgin. Isa says he has ministered to the Mlecchas, explaining that hehas reformed the lives of the mlecchas by recommending principles of mentalpurity, japa by chanting holynames, and meditation. Kersten interprets this as a record of Jesus in Kashmir.In reality the passage is an 18th-century dialogue also featuring Muhammed, andnot an early source as Ahmad claimed. Most scholars consider this part ofthe Purana to be a 19th-century interpolation.
The book achievedgreat popularity in Germany and overseas, though competed with the better-knownSiegfried Obermeier's book in Germany. The Indologist Günter Grönboldincluded a highly critical debunking of Obermeier and Kersten's interpretationsof Buddhist sources among various expositions of Jesus in India theories in Jesus In Indien Das Ende einer Legende(Jesus in India, the end of a Legend, 1985). WilhelmSchneemelcher in introducing the subject of New TestamentApocrypha (1991) uses Kersten by way of illustration of the development oflegendary Gospel traditions and notes how Kersten "attempted to work up Notovitch and Ahmadiyya legends with manyother alleged witnesses into a complete picture." McGetchin notes that once his storyhad been re-examined by historians, Notovitch confessed to having fabricatedthe evidence.