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BIOLOGY 3449: LIBRARY ASSIGNMENT


BIOLOGY 3449: LIBRARY
ASSIGNMENT
Due November 6, 2007



NOTE: Each student is
expected to carry out this assignment independently of other students. (Sign the oath on this report.) Please be careful not to pester the
librarians at the Health Science Center. Only ask about using the computers, etc.


NOTE: "PubMed" is comparable to a biomedical search engine
called "MEDLINE." Access this
search engine by going to
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PubMed/ on
any internet computer.
However, you need to go to the Medical
Library to use "OVID."


NOTE: The first item on
the list is designed to help you understand the advances in library search
methods
.



1. Before 1960, one had to go directly to each
journal and look at the Subject Index to find topics of interest. To understand this:


(1) Go to the journal, Endocrinology, Vol. 66 & 67, 1960,
on the 4th floor of the library, and determine how many manuscripts these
two volumes for 1960 contain on the topic of hypothalamus. Ans: __________


(2) The first major
advancement in library science came around 1960, when they began publishing the
Cumulated Index Medicus. Go to the 3rd floor of the library
and locate Volume I, 1960, and determine how many articles (±5) are listed
under the subject word hypothalamus. Ans: __________


(3) The next major
advancement in library science was the computerized search engine called
PubMed/Medline. How many English articles on the hypothalamus can
be found in PubMed for 1960? Ans: __________


(NOTE: To get English-only articles, click on
Limits and select English.)


2. Based on PubMed:


(1) How many articles
were published in 1960 by R. Guillemin? __________


(2) How many articles
were published in 1960 by A.V. Schally? __________


(3) How many articles did
these two scientists publish together in 1960? __________


(4) How many articles did
they publish together during their careers? __________


(5) Over what span of
years did these two Nobel Laureates publish together? _______________________


3. Guillemin versus
Schally:


(1) How many publications by A.V. Schally
are listed in PubMed for 01/01/95 to 12/31/05? __________


(NOTE: At PubMed, click on the "Limits" tab,
go to the Dates box menu and click on Specify date range)


(2) What is the title of Schally's most
recent publication? ___________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________________


(3) What is the title of Schally's most
recent publication in Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. ? _______________________


_______________________________________________________________________________________


(4) What is Schallys current address? __________________________________________________________


(5) How many publications by R. Guillemin
are listed in PubMed for 01/01/95 to 12/31/05? __________


(NOTE: Dont be
fooled by names! Look at titles of
article to be sure the individual is an endocrinologist.)


(6) What is the title of Guillemin's most
recent publication in which he is the first-author? __________________


________________________________________________________________________________________


(7) On the back of this page, write a couple of
sentences in which you address the professional dedication of each of these two
scientists who won the Nobel Prize. Which one was the most dedicated? Explain!


4. Complete the
following scavenger hunt to become more familiar with the medical library:


(1) Go to the periodical shelves (on the 4th
floor) and find the article by Espey in Endocrinology 141:2385,
2000. In this article, note reference
#1, and go to the books area on the 5th floor and find this review
article.


(NOTE: you might need to use the
library computer to find the "call number" for this book.)


(2) In the above review article, note reference
#413, and go back to the periodicals on the 4th floor, and find this
publication in the American Journal of Physiology (AJP) in 1986.


(3) In the above AJP article, note reference #5,
and find this paper published in 1980.


(4) Look through the alphabetized reference list
at the end of the above 1980 publication and note a 1975 publication by L.L.
Espey.


(5) Get the call number for the book containing
this 1975 publication and go to the 5th floor to find the article.


(6) In the above book, look at the reference list
at the end of this article and note the report by Espey and Lipner in
1963. (Return the book to its proper
place on the shelf, so that other students can find it.)


(7) Go back to the 4th floor and find
this 1963 publication. What is the
principal conclusion of this article?


________________________________________________________________________________________


________________________________________________________________________________________



(NOTE: for the following Ovid and PubMed exercises,
limit your searches to articles in English, only.)


5. At a Med Library computer, click on the
"Internet Explorer" icon, then click on MEDLINE (Ovid), and at the
Ovid News page, click Continue. Then, click on Ovid MEDLINE(R) 1950 to Present with Daily-Update.


(1) a. enter
the Keyword "prostaglandins" as the search subject and perform
Search.


b. check "Include All Subheadings" and
check "Explode," and then click again on "Continue."


c. look
at "Results" and record how many articles you found for prostaglandins. Ans. __________


(NOTE: for this series on keywords, click on
include all subheadings and on explode.)


(2) Repeat the above keyword search using the
subjects:


a. protein kinases __________


b. fibroblast __________


c. How many articles would you have found if you
had used fibroblast.mp," instead? __________


(3) Click
on Combine Searches at the base of the Search History section.


a. combine PROSTAGLANDINS (probably search #1)
AND FIBROBLASTS (probably search #3) and determine how many articles cover
both of these topics. __________


b. How many of the articles in this combined
list are Review articles? __________


(4) Now, go to PubMed and find articles
that key on both fibroblast and on prostaglandins. Enter fibroblast AND prostaglandins into
the search engine and record the number of hits. __________


(5) Now, let us pretend that you are interested only
in review papers that cover both the topics of "fibroblast"
and "prostaglandins" during only the past 10 years, i.e. from
09/01/97 to 09/01/07. Go back to the
"Limits" tab at the top of the PubMed page. On this Limits page select "Review,"
and Specify date range. How many Review
articles were published on Fibroblast AND Prostaglandins during these 10
years? __________


(NOTE: Did you spot the convenient tab that already
showed you the number of review articles?)


(NOTE: This is the kind of 'focusing' on relevant
manuscripts you will want to do for your term report.)


6. In this exercise,
you will learn one of the ways to evaluate the significance of a scientists
research. You will select any three
members of the Biology Faculty (except Espey) to perform this evaluation. The names and initials are as follows: Blystone RV, Brodl MR, Healy
FG, King JM, Koppenheffer TL, Livingstone KD, Lyons KG, Pope
DS, Ribble DO, and Shinkle JR. However, you want to be aware that there are multiple scientists with
the names JM King and DS Pope. Therefore, if you select one of these two Faculty, you will need to
distinguish which articles were published by the Trinity scientist and which
were published by someone at another institution and/or in a different field of
biology.


(NOTE: This final activity requires the Web of
Science.
Go to the Trinity Library
HomePage and click on Articles & More near the top of the screen. Next, click W in the alphabet list. Select Web of Science.


(1) Click on Author Finder, enter the name of
one of the Faculty listed above, and click on NEXT.


(2) Using the first line underneath Record Count,
enter in the table, below, the total #Articles
by that Faculty.


(3) Click on FINISH NOW, and examine the list of
publications by that Faculty Member. Enter in the table below, the number of times during the past 10
years
that the Faculty Member was 1st-Author
of a paper.


(4) Now, determine the total number of times the
Faculty Members publications have been cited by others. First, go to the box on the right side of the
screen and click on CITATION REPORT. From
the right side of the screen, enter the Sum
of the Times Cited
into the table below. Also, enter the h-Index. (Whats this?)


(5) On this same page, scroll down to find the Most Cited Article and enter the first
three words of its title.



Faculty Member #Articles 1st
Author
Times Cited h-Index Most Cited Article ___


______________ _______ ________ __________ _______ ______________________________


______________ _______ ________ __________ _______ ______________________________


______________ _______ ________ __________ _______ ______________________________



(6) On the back of this
page, write a short paragraph on how the WEB of Science might be useful to
you if you were responsible for hiring, or promoting, a scientist at your
institution.




On my oath, I
have neither received nor given assistance on this assignment: _______________________________






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