สวัสดีค่ะเพื่อนๆ พบกับจูนอีกแล้วค่ะ เพื่อนๆสบายดีกันป่าวคะ จูนก้อเรื่อยๆแหละค่ะ
วันเวลาดูช่างผ่านไปเร็วจัง จวนจะถึงวัน Valentine อีกแล้ว นั่นหมายถึงจูนจะได้ Chocolate ทานฟรีๆ อีกหลายกล่อง ของเก่าที่ได้จากเพื่อนๆตอนวัน Christmas ยังทานไม่หมดเลย
ตรานี้แหละค่ะอร่อยมากๆ จูนไม่ได้ของขวัญอะไรมากมายหรอกค่ะ เป็นแค่ Gift Cards เล็กๆ 4-5 ใบจากเพื่อนสนิท
อีกใบหนึ่งได้ไปเล่นสกีฟรี 1 วัน ที่ Wachusett Mountain ใบนี้จูนใช้ไปเรียบร้อยแล้วค่ะ
ส่วนใบที่ถูกใจที่สุดก็คือ บัตรสมาชิกให้ไปออกกำลังฟรี 1 ปี .. อิ อิ ตอนนี้ยังไม่ได้ไปเลย แต่จูนก้อได้บริหารร่างกายนะคะ ทุกวันไม่เคยเวันเลยค่ะ บริหารนิ้วน่ะค่ะ แบบว่า Up Blog อยู่นี่แหละค่ะ เพื่อนๆล่ะคะ กำลังบริหารนิ้วอยู่เหมือนจูนหรือแปล่า อิ อิ
คุยมาเสียนานเข้าเรื่องเสียที ภาพหลายหลากสีข้างล่าง เป็นภาพธงประจำรัฐ ของอเมริกาค่ะ จูนเอามาแปะให้ชม ทั้งหมด 50 รัฐ ด้วยกัน พร้อมกับ รายละเอียดอีกนิดหน่อย จูนจะทะยอยแปะไปเรื่อยๆ นะคะ ขอบคุณเพื่อนๆที่แวะเข้ามาเยี่ยมกันค่ะ ขอให้มีความสุขมากๆ
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The official state flag of Alabama is called the "crimson cross of St. Andrew's," a red cross on a white background. This flag was adopted in 1895, and was patterned from the Confederate Battle Flag. This flag can be any type of rectangle (even a square) but the crimson bars must be six inches wide.
The official state flag of Alaska was officially adopted in 1959. The golden stars represent the Big Dipper (an asterism in the constellation Ursa Major, the Big Bear) and the North Star, also called Polaris (representing Alaska's northern location). This beautiful flag was chosen from a flag-designing contest. It was designed in 1926 by a 13-year-old Native American boy named Bennie Benson. Bennie was from the village of Chignik; he won a 1,000-dollar scholarship and a watch for winning the contest.
The official state flag of Arizona was officially adopted on February 17, 1917. It was designed by Colonel Charles W. Harris (adjutant general and chief administrative officer of Arizona) and was first sewn by Nan D. Hayden.
The 13 yellow and red rays represent both the Sun's rays and the original 13 colonies of the United States of America. The colors red and yellow are used because they were the colors of the flag of the Spanish conquistadors led by Francisco Vasquez de Coronado, who entered Arizona in 1540 (looking for the legendary Seven Cities of Cibola). The copper-colored star in the middle represents copper mining, since Arizona produces more copper than any other state in the USA.
The official state flag of Arkansas was chosen in a design contest in 1913; the winner was Miss Willie Kavanaugh Hocker of Wabbaseka. The flag's design was finalized in 1926.
The diamond shapes in the center represent the diamond gemstone, because Arkansas is the only state in the USA where diamonds have been found. Since Arkansas was the twenty-fifth state to join the Union, there are 25 white stars around the diamond. The three blue stars in the lower part of the center represent Spain, France and the United States, the countries that have ruled Arkansas. The blue star in the upper center represents the Confederacy, of which Arkansas was a member
The official state flag of California, called the Bear Flag, was first used on June 14, 1846, but was not officially adopted until 1911. It was designed by William Todd. The flag pictures a grizzly bear and a star. The first Californian flag was quickly made by a group of American settlers who had just captured the town of Sonoma (from Mexico) and needed a flag to replace the Mexican banner.
The official state flag of Colorado was adopted on June 5, 1911. It was designed by Andrew Carlisle Johnson in 1911. The white in the flag symbolizes Colorado's snowcapped mountains, the blue symbolizes clear blue skies, the red symbolizes the reddish soil, and the golden yellow represents the Sun. Attached to the flag is a cord of gold and silver, intertwined with gold and silver tassels.
Connecticut's official state flag was adopted in 1897. The flag features a gold- and silver-rimmed shield picturing three grapevines. On a gold- and brown-rimmed white ribbon under the shield is the state's motto, "QUI TRANSTULIT SUSTINET," which means "He Who is Transplanted Still Sustains." The grapevines represent the early English settlers (and their settlements) in Connecticut.
The official state flag of Delaware was adopted on July 4, 1913. The flag has a blue field that features a yellow diamond with the state's seal. On the seal, a soldier (with a rifle) and a farmer (with a hoe) look at each other across scrollwork that encloses an ox, a sheaf of wheat, and an ear of corn. Under this is a white ribbon reading, "LIBERTY AND INDEPENDENCE." Above is a sailing ship (representing commerce). Below the seal is the date December 7, 1787, the date that Delaware ratified the United States Constitution (it was the first colony to do so).
The flag of Washington, D.C., was adopted in 1938. Since Washington, D.C., had no official flag, a commission was formed in 1920 to find a design. Headed by A. E. Dubois, the final design was chosen on October 15, 1938. The design was based on the shield from George Washington's family's coat of arms.
Florida's official flag was adopted in 1900. Florida's flag has a red cross of St. Andrew on a white field; in the center is the state seal, which depicts a Native American (Seminole) woman scattering flowers, the sun with many rays, palm trees (the large one is a cabbage palm), a sailing steamboat, the land and the water.
Georgia's newest flag was designed in May, 2003; it has three horizontal stripes, red, white, and red, with a blue square in the canton position (the upper left area of the flag). In the blue square is a circle of 13 white, five-pointed stars around the seal of the state of Georgia (pictured in yellow). The Georgia state seal pictures three pillars (symbolizing the three branches of government in the USA: the Legislative, the Executive and the Judicial) under an arch (symbolizing the Constitution), the year 1776 (the date of the Declaration of Independence), and banners reading "CONSTITUTION," "JUSTICE," "WISDOM," and "MODERATION." Under the pillars are the words (in white), "IN GOD WE TRUST."
The flag of Hawaii was commissioned by King Kamehameha I of Hawaii in 1816. King Kamehameha I had unified the islands of Hawaii in 1810, using a schooner armed with a cannon. Before that time, each of the large islands had been a separate kingdom.
The flag: The eight stripes of white, red and blue represent the eight main islands of Hawaii. The Union Jack (the flag of Great Britain) is in the upper left corner of Hawaii's flag, honoring Hawaii's long relationship with the British.
Idaho's official flag was adopted in 1907. The flag is deep blue with the state seal in the center surrounded by a yellow band. The seal pictures a man (a miner carrying a pick and wielding a shovel) and a woman (carrying the scales of justice, symbolizing liberty and justice), the motto "ESTO PERPETUA" (meaning "May it endure forever"), two full, yellow cornucopias, an elk head atop a shield (picturing a river, settlers, a fir tree, and mountainous land), a sheaf of grain, green grass, and a blue sky. The flag is surrounded by a yellow fringe on three sides. The state seal was designed by Emma Edwards Green.
Illinois's original state flag was designed in 1913 by Lucy Derwent (who had won a contest), but was redesigned in 1970 by Mrs. Sanford Hutchinson. The flag's design is based upon the state's seal, which was designed by Sharon Tyndale, Illinois' secretary of state, in 1868.
The flag has a white background, and much of the Illinois state seal is pictured in the center. There is a bald eagle perched on a rock holding a red, white, and blue shield in its talons (the stars are white on a blue background and the stripes are red and white). The shield has 13 stripes and 13 stars, representing the original 13 colonies of the USA. The eagle is holding a banner in its beak which reads "STATE," "SOVEREIGNTY," "NATIONAL," and "UNION." The word sovereignty is upside down. The rock has the dates 1818 and 1868 written on it; 1818 refers to the year Illinois became a state and 1868 refers to the date the state seal was redesigned.
The official state flag of Indiana was adopted in 1917. It was designed by Paul Hadley of Mooresville, Indiana; he won a flag design contest sponsored by the DAR (Daughters of the American Revolution) for Indiana's 100th anniversary of statehood in 1916. There are 19 golden stars on a blue field. The 13 stars in the outer circle represent the 13 original colonies of the United States of America; the 5 stars in a half circle represent the states admitted prior to Indiana (but after the original 13), and the larger star atop the flame of the torch of Liberty represents Indiana
Iowa's official flag was adopted in 1921. The flag was designed by by Mrs. Dixie Gebhardt, of The Daughters of the American Revolution of Iowa.
The flag has a red, white and blue background, like the French flag; this symbolizes the fact that Iowa became a part of the United States as part of the Louisiana Purchase (this area had been part of France, but was sold to the USA in 1803). On the white central portion of the flag, a bald eagle holds a flowing ribbon that reads, "OUR LIBERTIES WE PRIZE, AND OUR RIGHTS WE WILL MAINTAIN."
Kansas' official flag was adopted in 1927. The flag has a blue field, the word "KANSAS," the sunflower (Kansas' state flower), and the state seal of Kansas. The seal pictures rich Kansas farmland, a farmer plowing, covered wagons, Native Americans hunting bison, a rising sun, a steamboat (representing commerce) on the water (beneath the sun and the mountains), 34 stars (since Kansas was the 34th state in the USA), and the state motto, "AD ASTRA PER ASPERA," meaning "To the stars through difficulty," in Latin.
Kentucky's official state flag was adopted in 1918, but that design was not finalized until in 1928. The flag was again changed in 1962.
The flag has a deep blue background with part of the state seal in the center. In the center are the words "COMMONWEALTH OF KENTUCKY" and "UNITED WE STAND, DIVIDED WE FALL." On the seal, a pioneer and a statesman are shaking hands. Goldenrod flowers encircle the bottom half of the seal.
Louisiana's official flag was adopted in 1912, one hundred years after Louisiana became a state. The flag has a blue background (symbolizing truth) with a white pelican mother feeding her three chicks in a nest (the pelican is an old symbol of protection - an old legend tells of a mother pelican tearing flesh from herself to feed her young; this pelican represents the state protecting the people and their land). The ribbon reads "Union, Justice, and Confidence."
Maine's official flag was adopted in 1909. The flag has a deep blue field with the state coat of arms in the center. The coat of arms pictures a farmer and a seaman (representing agricultural and maritime industries). A shield is between them, upon which is a pine tree, a moose (the state animal of Maine), green grass, a blue sky, and deep blue water. Above this is a yellow star (representing the North Star - Maine was the northernmost state when it entered the Union) and a red ribbon that reads, "DIRIGO," which means "I direct" in Latin. Below, a large blue ribbon reads, "MAINE."
The state flag of Maryland was officially adopted in 1904. It is the only US state flag based on British heraldry (the coats of arms of noble families). The flag's design was based on the coat of arms adopted by George Calvert, the first Lord Baltimore. The alternating yellow and black are from Lord Calvert's family shield; the red and white design is either from Calvert's maternal family, the Crosslands, or his wife's family, the Mynnes.
Massachusetts' official flag was adopted in 1971 (before 1971, the Massachusetts flag had a design on both sides of the flag; the design on the back was omitted).
Massachusetts' flag depicts a Native American carrying a bow and arrow on a blue shield (all on a white background). A white star on the shield represents Massachusetts, one of the original 13 states. The state motto (in Latin and written in yellow on a blue ribbon) reads "ENSE PETIT PLACIDAM SUB LIBERTATE QUIETEM," meaning "By the sword we seek peace, but peace only under liberty." Above the shield is a arm wielding a sword (demonstrating the state motto).
Michigan's official flag was adopted in 1911. The flag has a deep blue background and pictures an elk and moose around a blue shield labeled "TUEBOR," meaning "I will defend." The shield pictures a man with a raised hand and a gun, a rising sun, a peninsula and lakes (representing Michigan's geography). Over the shield is a bald eagle (holding an olive branch and a sheaf of three arrows) and a red ribbon reading "E PLURIBUS UNUM" (which is the motto of the U.S.A. and means "Out of Many, One" - this refers to the states of the United States being united into one country). Under everything lie two white ribbons that read "SI QUAERIS PENINSULAM AMOENAM" and "CIRCUM SPICE," which means, "If you are seeking a amenable (pleasant) peninsula, look around you."
Minnesota's official flag was adopted in 1893. The flag has a blue background. The central seal pictures a farmer plowing a field and an Indian riding a horse toward the sun. The scene is surrounded by ladyslippers, Minnesota's state flower. A red banner with yellow letters has the state motto, "L'ETOILE DU NORD," meaning "the star of the north" in French. Three dates are on the flag: 1858 (at the top), the year Minnesota became a state; 1819 (at the left), the year Fort Snelling was established; and 1893 (at the right), the year this flag was adopted. Nineteen yellow stars surround the seal on a white band; these stars symbolize that fact Minnesota was the 19th state to enter the union after the first 13. "MINNESOTA" is written in red on the white band.
The official state flag of Mississippi was adopted in 1894, replacing the older Magnolia Flag (which had been adopted in 1861, after Mississippi seceded from the union). Today's Mississippi state flag has a small Confederate Battle Flag in the upper left corner (it is also called the "union square"). There are thirteen white stars on a St. Andrew's Cross, and horizontal blue, white and red stripes.
The flag has a red, white, and blue background (representing Missouri's French heritage; it was part of the Louisiana Purchase from France). The circular center is surrounded by 24 white stars (the number of states when Missouri entered the Union). Two grizzly bears represent bravery and strength. A knight's helmet and another 24 stars are above the bears. The motto, "UNITED WE STAND, DIVIDED WE FALL" is around the inner circle. The motto, "SALUS POPULI SUPREMA LEX ESTA" (meaning "Let the welfare of the people be the supreme law") is on a yellow ribbon under the bears. The inner circle has an eagle holding the olive branch of peace and the arrows of war (representing the federal government), a crescent moon, and another grizzly bear. The Roman numeral MDCCCXX is under the two bears (1820 was the date of the Missouri Compromise).
Montana's official flag was adopted in 1905. The flag has a deep blue field with "Montana" written in yellow, with the state seal below. The seal pictures a beautiful Montana lansdcape: the Rocky Mountains, cliffs, a waterfall, and river beneath a golden sky with white clouds and white sun rays. A plow represents agriculture; a pick and shovel represent mining. A ribbon below the scene states Montana's motto, "Oro y plata" [meaning "Gold and Silver" in Spanish].
Nebraska's official flag was adopted in 1925. The flag has a deep blue field with the state seal in the center, pictured in gold (yellow) and silver. The state seal, designed in 1867 by Isaac Wiles (a member of the House of Representatives), pictures a blacksmith hammering on an anvil, a settler's cabin, sheaths of wheat, a steamboat on a river, and the transcontinental railroad, with mountains in the background. The state motto, "Equality Before the Law," is on a banner above the landscape. The date of Nebraska's admission to the union, March 1, 1867, is listed below the seal.
Nevada's official flag was adopted on March 26, 1929, but was revised on June 8, 1991. The flag has a deep blue background. It pictures a yellow, flowing ribbon that reads "BATTLE BORN." A five-pointed silver star and the words NEVADA are under the ribbon. These are surrounded by green sagebrush with yellow flowers.
Sagebrush is Nevada's state flower. The silver star represents the rich mineral wealth of Nevada, especially the famous Comstock lode (discovered in 1859), which is one of the largest silver and gold mines ever found. The words "Battle Born" on Nevada's flag allude to fact that Nevada bacame a state during the Civil War.
The official state flag of New Hampshire was adopted in 1909 (but its design has been in use since 1784). The flag pictures the state seal on a deep blue field (background). The state seal has the ship "Raleigh" sailing near a large gray granite rock, in front of a yellow sun rising over blue water. The Raleigh was built to fight the British during the Revolutionary War. The scene is surrounded by the words, "SEAL OF THE STATE OF NEW HAMPSHIRE 1776," and yellow laurel leaves interspersed with nine yellow stars (since New Hampshire was the ninth state in the US). New Hampshire became a state in 1788.
New Jersey's official state flag was adopted on March 26, 1896.
The flag has a buff (light yellow-brown) background; this is the color of part of the uniform selected by General George Washington in 1779 for his New Jersey Continental Line. Part of the state seal (which was designed by Pierre Eugene de Simitiere in 1777) is in the center. In the center is a blue shield with three plows in it. On the sides of the shield are the goddess of liberty (holding a staff and the cap of freedom) and the goddess of agriculture (holding a cornucopia filled with food). Above this is the head armor of a knight, a horse's head, and blue filigrees. Below are the words "LIBERTY AND PROSPERITY" and the date "1776." The goddesses symbolize liberty and prosperity.
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