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The Miracle of Dunkirk - ;¾ʹѹ

ͧ The Miracle of Dunkirk ү觴ѧ
¹ Walter Lord Ǫʴ


ͧͺ áԨԪԵͧͧ #21 Ф

--- SPOILER ALERT ---

ͧͧ;¾ͧ᤺ѧ㹪ǧʧš駷ͧ ѹ 10 Ҥ 1940 ͧѾѧɶ١ҧзѹѹ蹵ʹ ʹ١ͧѾѹ ͧѭҡâͧ駽ѧդԴѺᵡҧѹ Դ㨼Դлѭ㹡ҧҡ㹷ءдѺ

ش½ѹԵöҧͧѧҺ鹷ҧ 60 ҧ 15-20 ͧѾ١ͺ价ȵѹ֧½觷ͧ ֧ͧѾҡѡҴ ҧѧԺѵԡ䴹;¾ҧѹ 26 Ҥ ֧ 4 Զع¹ ¼ѺԴͺ㹡ö͹ѧ (Vice Admiral Bertram Ramsay) հҹԺѵԧҹ

ѭ㹡;¾ҧҡ ѡ鹷ҧź˹仪½ ֧⪤շͧѾѹشúءѹ ӹͧѡ鹷ҧ˹Դ袹Ҵ˭ ·÷ѡҷҧ˹ǹҡö͹ѧ仪½ 騹١Ѻ¡ҡ ੾СͧѾ˹觢ͧʷѡҵ˹觵ѹ͡ش

ǹ;¾ͧ᤺ѧɡջѭҧҡ дѺ٧աͧǶ֧дѺҧ ѭԹ· § (ػش¤ 861 ) ЪҴҡ ˭öº ӹǹҡѹ鹤繷͵ͧ硢â˭ 㹢ззö١Դл׹˭ԧ ԹҧѺ鹷ҧ 39, 55 87 ҧ鹶١ҡ շԴ Ͷ١մʹӹ 觡աҷҧѭ੾˹价ͧ

ӹǹ÷١;¾ѹ 27 Ҥ § 7,669 , ѹ 28 17,804 , ѹ 30 53,823 , ѹ 31 68,014 , ѹ 1 Զع¹ 64,429 شԺѵԡá;¾ 338,000 繷ѧ 224,686 ·駷úҴ纷Թط⸻óͺ үػ͹¤Ҿҡȷâͧ᤺ /ѹ躴ѧȹ شѹͧԵ ǻԺѵԢͧͧԹúѹ

͡ҡͧǡѺõѴԹдѺ٧ ʹ㨤ͧǢͧ÷ʹú ͧҫҺ 纻Ǵ Сáзӷ駺Һ šͷ 駹ͧءǡǹ˭繢ͧѧҡش յдѺŷö֧¾͹ ʹɢͧФ

ͧ . Ǣ͹Ҥ (1) кŨʵԡ (2) Ţ;¾úǹءѹ ͹բʧ·͡;¾ýʡ 123,000 ¡ 102,570 ѧ Ѻӹǹѧɷ;¾Թӹǹ (3) Ũѵͪ٪վ١㺾Ѵ;ԦҵٴҨժ (4) ͡ǡѺèѴáѺҢͧͷͷѧԴͼ¹˹ѧ͹ҨԴ

ҹš˹ . ҹѺ ˹ҡʧ㹷ǧӹͧôԹͧͧҩѺҧѧҹ ػҹѧɴաҡ ֧ҹѺ¤úǹ ҹºѹ͹з кҧ͹ҧͧԴҹ 蹴Ҩشҡçҧ ¢¹֧ͧũѺ´¹Ф ͧٻºѹǾ㹩ѺѧմêդӴ ͧ ֧Ἱ詺ѺѴѧա㹤Թŷҹ͡ ͧԴ㹤֧ҹ

㹡÷ѺѾ੾нѹ͹繷 ҧ Calais , Gravelines ҿչ, Vervins Ǥ, Ardennes ഹ ͧҡ . ҹ͡º͡繡ҹӴ Ѻѹ͡§ҧ֡ҾºѺҹ͡§ẺѹҡҨжʹѡ (ҡѹç ʹѡҧá) ֧鹡֡͡͡

·仡Ѿ੾зҧҧҧáչФ ҨջѭҡѺ¹ͧ͢鹩Ѻŵѡõ鹩Ѻ gun ͹ٴ֧ط⸻ó¶֧׹˭ʹ (field gun) 繻׹ҹ [. 331] 辺ҡͪ˹·੾Сͧѹ (Battalion) ѧɨ¤ ¨袹Ҵ˹¡ӡѺ (ҧͧѹҺ 1 Һ 1 ҴѡҾͧ ѧ .1 ѹ.1 .) 㹴ѧ졩Ѻŵç˹ 'The usually reliable 12th Lancers reported ...' êպ͡Ѵ¶֧ Royal Lancers Regiment, 12th Battalion ŵç 'Ź 12 ҧ§ҹ ...' [. 41] 觹Ҩդҡͧѹ˹ ͡ҡ÷ѺѾ˹¡Ẻçз֡š ҧ 'the 1st Queen Victoria's Rifles' 'չԡ' ŷ 1'

šͨش Ѻشҡ§˹ żԴ Ҵ Թ ¤駷Һ駧 'By June 4just level days laterover 338,000 men had been evacuated safely to England in one of the great rescues of all time.' ѾôӤѭ 'Ͷ֧ѹ 4 Զع¹...աԺѹ á 338,000 Ѻ;¾ѧʴҾ áѹ˭شʹ' [. 11] ᷹˹㹡á·˭ش ѹѺ˹

'So long as the English tongue survives, the word Dunkerque shall be spoken with reverence.' 'Һҷѧѧ - Dunkerque ѺáǢҹ¤þͺ' [. 11] 㹷 tongue ¶֧

'Dunkirk symbolizes a generosity of spirit, a willingness to sacrifice for the common good.' 'ѧѭѡɳͧԵԭҳͺ Ѥǹ' [. 11] ѹԵԭҳͺ¶֧ԹҴѧ Ҵͧ㹡 դѤԹ

'Seen in this light, Dunkirk remains, above all, a stirring reminder of man's ability to rise to the occasion, to improvise, to overcome obstacles. It is, in short, a lasting monument to the unquenchable resilience of the human spirit.' 'ͧҡ ѧ졨дçʶҹ 'ͧ͹' ׹ѹ觢ͧ׹Ѵء鹵¾ 'ǾԺҳ' ԴѺѹԡŧҪػä ˹ ͹СȨԵԭҳ״蹢ͧѹ⪤е' [. 12] Ҵ բͧ ҡ ǹԵԭҳ״蹡š

'Five days had passed since "the balloon went up." as the British liked to refer to the sudden German assault in the west.' 'ѹҹ ͹ 'ٹ¢鹿' ӹǹѧɷҧ֧բͧѹҧȵѹ' [. 15] 觹Ҩѹҹ仵 ͹

Admiralty House 繺ҹѡШӵ˹ First Lord of the Admiralty 繺ҹѡͧзǧ [. 16] ЪѺ 'supported by 325 Stuka dive bombers' 'ʹѺʹعª١ (ͧԹӷԴ) 325 ' [. 17] § ʹѺʹعͧԹӷԴ١ 325

"I am killing myself, Mr. President, to let you know that all my men were brave, but one cannot send men to fight tanks with rifles." "ҵǵ¤Ѻҹ¡ ҡҹҺҷ÷ءúҧҭ Ҩ觷úѺöѧ»׹" [. 17] ¹иҹҸԺ繹¡Ѱ

͢件֧͸Ժٻ 'Casualties were surprisingly light, since the sand tended to smother the exploding bomb.' úҴ纹¨һҴз蹷Դӧҹ' ᷹ҹҾͧԴŴŧз ٴ ҷºҴ͹ջѭͺء˹

͡ҡ ˵ط . ҹҧ˹ѡ͡º§µҡóѧ᷺ ·ǡѭѡɳѧҤú Ѻ¡¤͡ªǧҧ աӫ§ѹҡ㹢зѧѴա§ ҹԴҡ ѧ ¡¤㨤Ѵਹ ء͹ԴҺ繪ǧ Ҿͧ . ʵԡҷա͹駵ͧ ҹ·ԡդ㹡¡¤ ҺҨе͡Ѻҧ˹͢ҧѧ ֧֡觡ǡⴴҧҡⴴաشСеء͡աҧФ

ػ֡ҾͧҹūҺ ùʹ㹴ҹҾ繢ŷѴԹ 觡١ԵѺ . ҹẺԴҡҧáͧ˵ءó͹Ѻ ʹͧɮͤ繵ҧ ẺաШ͹ŹԸա͸Ժ·еç仵ç ش¤ͶҹѺѧдաҡ


[1] Walter Lord. The Miracle of Dunkirk. Open Road Media, 232 pages, 2012 (First Published in 1982).
[2] Walter Lord ( Ǫʴ ). ү觴ѧ. ӹѡਹ, 380 ˹, 2560.


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