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Black Friday (1978)1

Black Friday is the name given to September 8, 1978 (17 Shahrivar 1357 AP) and the shooting of protestors in Zhaleh (or Jaleh) Square in Tehran, Iran. The deaths and the reaction to them has been described as a pivotal event in the Iranian Revolution when any "hope for compromise" between the protest movement and the Shah's regime was extinguished.[1]
Contents
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1 Background
1.1 After the revolution
2 See also
3 References and notes
4 External links
Background

As protest against the Shah's rule mounted during the spring and summer of 1978, the Iranian Government declared martial law. On September 8 a huge demonstration was held in Tehran. According to the anti-government sources, the military of Iran used deadly force, including tanks and helicopter gunships, to break up the largely peaceful demonstrators. Opposition and Western journalists reportedly claimed that the Iranian army massacred protestors and left between 88 and several hundred killed.[2][3][4] The clerical leadership announced that "thousands have been massacred by Zionist troops."[5]

The appearance of "government brutality" alienated much of the rest of the Iranian people as well as the Shah's allies abroad. Protests continued for another four months. A general strike in October shut down the petroleum industry that was essential to the administration's survival, "sealing the Shah's fate".[6] Support for the Shah in Iran and abroad dissolved, clearing the way for the Iranian Revolution, led by Ayatollah Khomeini, which saw the abolition of the monarchy less than a year later.



Create Date : 18 ตุลาคม 2554
Last Update : 18 ตุลาคม 2554 16:28:32 น. 0 comments
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