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HR Glossaries

HR Glossaries

Absent or Absence (Scheduled Time Off)
An absence is the scheduled time off from work that occurs when an employee is not present at work during a normally scheduled work period.

Absence or Absent (Unscheduled) Definition for the Human Resources Glossary
Definitions of unscheduled absence or absent for the human resources glossary of human resources related terms.

Absenteeism Policy
Absenteeism policy is a policy that provides guidance within an organization about how to manage the state of chronic absence from work.

Agile Organization (Agility)
An agile organization is able to quickly adapt to changing circumstances; it is ready for anything. It can respond instantaneously to changing customer demands. The agile organization innovates rapidly, and immediately tailors products and services to customer needs. Agility means nimble and quick.

The Americans With Disabilities Act - An Employers Responsibilities
The Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) makes it unlawful for an employer with 15 or more employees to discriminate against a qualified individual with a disability. The Michigan Persons with Disabilities Civil Rights Act, which is similar to the ADA in many respects, covers employers with one or more employees; other states may similarly define different laws for workplace treatment of people with disabilities. This article addresses disability law issues relevant to employers.

Baby Boomers
Baby Boomers is the name given to the generation of Americans who were born in a "baby boom" following World War II. Baby Boomers were born between 1944 and 1964.

Background Checking or Background Investigation Definition for the Human Resources Glossary
Definitions of background checking or background investigation for the human resources glossary of human resources related terms.

Behavioral Interview
A behavioral interview attempts to determine if you have the behavioral characteristics that have been selected as necessary for success in a particular job. Behavioral interviews ask the candidate to pinpoint specific instances in which a specific behavior was exhibited in the past. In the best behaviorally-based interviews, the candidate is unaware of the behavior the interviewer is verifying.

Benefits
Employers provide a package of additions to the base salary to employees. These benefits can include health insurance, dental insurance, life insurance, disability insurance, a severance package, tuition assistance, and more. On average, organizations spend 41 cents for benefits for every dollar of payroll. Thats 29 percent of the total employee compensation package.

Bereavement Policy: Definition for the Human Resources Glossary
Definition of bereavement policy for the human resources glossary of human resources related terms.

Broadbanding: Definition for the Human Resources Glossary
Definition of broadbanding for the human resources glossary of human resources related terms.

Business Casual Dress Code
The Company's objective, in establishing a business casual dress code, is to enable employees to project a professional, business-like image while experiencing the advantages of more casual and relaxed clothing. Business casual dress is the standard for this dress code which is described in detail in the Business Casual Dress Code policy.

Coaching
Coaching (work coaching) is a method used by managers and supervisors to provide positive or constructive feedback to employees to help them continue excellent performance or identify ways to improve performance.

Counseling
Counseling (work coaching) is providing day-to-day feedback to employees about areas in which their performance at work can improve.

Culture
Culture is made up of the values, beliefs, underlying assumptions, attitudes, and behaviors shared by a group of people. Culture is the behavior that results when a group arrives at a set of - generally unspoken and unwritten - rules for working together. An organizations culture is made up of all of the life experiences each employee brings to the organization.

Discipline
Progressive discipline is a process for dealing with job-related behavior that does not meet expected and communicated performance standards.

Downsizing
Downsizing means to reduce the number of employees in an organization. Downsizing or lay-offs reduce the size of a work force. Used sparingly, and with planning, downsizing can be an organizational lifesaver, but when layoffs are used repeatedly without a thoughtful strategy, downsizing can destroy an organization's effectiveness. Also known as: reduction in force.

Dress Code
A work dress code is a set of standards that companies develop to help provide their employees with guidance about what is appropriate to wear to work. Work dress codes range from formal to business casual to casual. The formality of the workplace dress code is normally determined by the amount of interaction employees have with customers. Learn more about work dress codes.

Dress Code for Business Casual
The Company's objective, in establishing a business casual dress code, is to enable employees to project a professional, business-like image while experiencing the advantages of more casual and relaxed clothing. Business casual dress is the standard for this dress code which is described in detail in the Business Casual Dress Code policy.

Drug-free Workplace
In a drug-free workplace, the employer has taken steps and initiated policies to ensure that employees are not taking or using alcohol or drugs, selling drugs, or affected by the after effects of indulging in alcohol or drugs outside of the workplace. The goal of a drug-free workplace program is to encourage an employee with a substance abuse problem to seek treatment, recover, and return to work.
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
Equal employment opportunity (EEO) laws make it illegal for employers to discriminate against an employee or potential employee in certain workplaces. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), which was created by the Civil Rights Act of 1964, is the federal agency that has the responsibility to handle discrimination complaints.

Employee Empowerment, Empower Employees, Empowered Employees
Empowerment is the process of enabling or authorizing an individual to think, behave, take action, and control work and decisionmaking in autonomous ways. It is the state of feeling self-empowered to take control of one's own destiny. Empowerment rules as a development strategy. Learn more about what empowerment is and is not.

Employee Involvement
Employee involvement is creating an environment in which people have an impact on decisions and actions that affect their jobs. Employee involvement is not the goal nor is it a tool, as practiced in many organizations. Rather, employee involvement is a management and leadership philosophy about how people are most enabled to contribute. Find out more about employee involvement.

Generation X
Generation Xers are people born between 1965 and 1976 1980, depending on the source. Gen Xers are independent, enjoy Informality, are entrepreneurial, and seek emotional maturity. They are the core of your current workforce. Learn about Gen-Xers.

Human Resource Development (HRD)?
Human Resource Development is the framework for helping employees develop their personal and organizational skills, knowledge, and abilities. Human Resource Development includes such opportunities as employee training, employee career development, performance management and development, coaching, succession planning, key employee identification, and organization development.

Human Resource Management?
Human Resource Management is the function within an organization that focuses on recruitment, management, and the direction of the people in the organization. Human Resources management is also performed by line managers.

Human Resources Information System (HRIS)
The Human Resource Information System (HRIS is a software or online solution for the data entry, data tracking, and data information needs of the Human Resources function within a business. Normally packaged as a data base, hundreds of companies sell some form of HRIS and every HRIS has different capabilities. Pick your HRIS carefully based on the capabilities you need in your company.

Independent Contractor
An independent contractor is a person or a business that performs services, produces a particular outcome, or produces a product for a person or a business under a written or implied agreement or contract.

Induction
New employee orientation is the process for welcoming a new employee into your organization. New employee orientation, often spearheaded by a meeting with the Human Resources department, generally contains information about safety, the work environment, the new job description, benefits and eligibility, company culture, company history, and anything else relevant to working in the new company.

Job Analysis
A job analysis is the process used to collect information about the duties, responsibilities, necessary skills, outcomes, and work environment of a particular job. You need as much data as possible to put together a job description, which is the frequent outcome of the job analysis.

Job Description
Job descriptions are written statements that describe the duties, responsibilities, most important contributions and outcomes needed from a position, required qualifications of candidates, and the reporting relationship of a particular job.

Learning Organization
Peter Senge defined the learning organization. He said they were organizations where people continually expand their capacity to create the results they truly desire, where new and expansive patterns of thinking are nurtured, where collective aspiration is set free, and where people are continually learning how to learn together.

Millennials

The millennials joining your workforce now are employees born between 1980 and 2000, or 1981 and 1999, depending on the author. Unlike the Gen-Xers and the Boomers, the Millennials have developed work characteristics and tendencies from doting parents, structured lives, and contact with diverse people. Millennials are used to working in teams and want to make friends with people at work. Millennials work well with diverse coworkers.

Mission Statement
Mission or Purpose is a precise description of what an organization does. It should describe the business the organization is in. It is a definition of why the organization exists currently.

Negativity
Negativity is the feeling and expressing of unhappiness, anger, frustration, or upset to other employees in your workplace; it is often accompanied by resistance. According to Gary S. Topchik, author of Managing Workplace Negativity, negativity is often the result of a loss of confidence, control, or community. Knowing what people are negative about is the first step in solving the problem.

Networking
Networking is building a web of interpersonal relationships for mutually beneficial purposes such as business referrals, customer acquisition, complementary product offerings, and sharing information. Networking means establishing, maintaining and utilizing contacts made for purposes beyond the reason for the initial contact.

New Employee Orientation
New employee orientation is the process for welcoming a new employee into your organization. New employee orientation, often spearheaded by a meeting with the Human Resources department, generally contains information about safety, the work environment, the new job description, benefits and eligibility, company culture, company history, and anything else relevant to working in the new company.

Outsourcing
Outsourcing is paying a second party to perform one or more of your internal processes or functions. Business process outsourcing of certain functions is an increasingly popular way to improve basic services while allowing HR professionals time to play a more strategic role in their organizations. Frequently outsourced: payroll, 401(k) administration, employee assistance, and retirement planning.

Paid Time Off Policy
Definition of the paid time off approach to employee vacation, sick days, and personal days for the human resources glossary of human resources related terms. Paid time off has advantages and disadvantages that are explored in this definition of paid time off.

Profit Sharing
Profit sharing is an example of a variable pay plan. Profit sharing is taking a percentage of a companys annual profits and then dividing the pool of money generated across all employees using a formula for distribution. Profit sharing payments are only made if the company has been profitable for the time period specified. Find out more about profit sharing.

Promotion
The advancement of an employee from one position to another position that has a higher salary range maximum is called a promotion.

Progressive Discipline
Progressive discipline is a process for dealing with job-related behavior that does not meet expected and communicated performance standards.

Recognition
Recognition is providing attention or favorable notice to another person. Recognition can be written, verbal, or monetary. In the workplace, the second purpose for employee recognition is to communicate and reinforce the behaviors and actions you'd like to see the employee do more often.

Self-Discipline
You can create a work environment and supervisory interactions which encourage the people you employ to develop and practice self-discipline. When people practice self-discipline, they control their own behavior.

Severance Pay
Severance pay is money that an employer might want to provide for an employee who is leaving their employ. Normal circumstances that might warrant severance pay include layoffs, job elimination, and mutual agreement to part ways for whatever reason. Severance pay usually amounts to a week or two of pay for each year of service to the company. In some instances, a severance package might include extended benefits and outplacement assistance.

Succession Planning
Succession planning is a process whereby an organization ensures that employees are recruited and developed to fill each key role within the company. Succession planning ensures you can fill key roles from within your organization.

Strategy
Strategies are the broadly defined four or five key approaches the organization will use to accomplish its mission and drive toward the vision.

360 Degree Feedback
360 degree feedback is a method and a tool that provides each employee the opportunity to receive performance feedback from his or her supervisor and four to eight peers, reporting staff members, co-workers and customers.

Variable Pay
Variable pay is used generally to recognize and reward employee contribution toward company productivity, profitability, team work, safety, quality, or some other metric deemed important. Variable pay changes depending upon the circumstances. Learn more about variable pay.

Values
Values are traits or qualities that are considered worthwhile; they represent an individuals highest priorities and deeply held driving forces. Values include qualities such as integrity, resourcefulness, achievement, and honesty.

Value Statements
Value statements are grounded in values and define how people want to behave with each other in the organization. They are statements about how the organization will value customers, suppliers, and the internal community. Value statements describe actions which are the living enactment of the fundamental values held by most individuals within the organization.

Vision
Vision is a statement of what the organization wants to become. It should resonate with all members of the organization and help them feel proud, excited, and part of something much bigger than themselves. A vision should stretch the organizations capabilities and image of itself. It gives shape and direction to the organizations future.

Wage Garnishment
Wage garnishment is a legal procedure in which a persons earnings are required by court order to be withheld by an employer for the payment of a debt such as child support.

Work Coaching
Coaching (work coaching) is a method used by managers and supervisors to provide positive or constructive feedback to employees to help them continue excellent performance or identify ways to improve performance.



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