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͹ؾѹ ѹǧ, ᾷ Ф (2550 : 14-33)

Ned H. Casem* çҺ Massachusettes General Hospital ͸Ժ¶֧ѡþ鹰ҹӤѭ 9 С ѺؤҡҸóآ㹡ôżҹ


1. Competence ŵͧդ ö㹡ôǡѺä ջʺó§㹡èѴáѺҡûǴ ҡ ѡ㹼ش ҡä ¹ ͹Ѻ ҡ÷ҧԵ㨵ҧ 繵 еͧ͸ԺҵмҶ֧ǷҧѡҴ ѹѴԹ õ¤è繷ҹçҺ, õѴԹҧʧաͧªԵ


2. Concern ¶֧ դǧ ١ѹ º͹դ֡㹤ءҹ Ҩʴ͡¤Ӿٴ§ҧ ǵСʴ͡͡ôŵҧ ʴ֧㹵Ǽ¨Ѻ

㹺ҧǧͧԵդǢͧҷ˹ѡش¢ͧԵ ҹǹ˭ѡҵǷçҺ ôѡҵ˹ҷͧᾷоҺ ١ҹͭҵԵ§¹ѧ ҧá֧˹ѡ㹰ҹ١ҹͭҵԵ ФդӤѭҡͼ 觷µͧѡҷҧҹ ҡѧöҤͷҧԵա੾㹪ǧشҶ֧ҹᾷѧѡʹ ¤Թҷշ§ù͹ͤ ö觴 դسҵͪԵͧ ǡѹҡöʺ觴էͷ觷դس赹ͧҧ¹֡Ҩзҡ͹






ش§١纻Ǵҧҹ ҡѧ١úǹ¤ ǵ Ƿж١ʹ Ƿеҧⴴҧҧ 觷ҧ˹ѧҡ ʹǤ纻ǴԴ ǴѧҨҧء觡Ҥ纻Ǵҧ´« ѡСѧ㨨ҡ١ҹҵԵӤѭ öŴ͹ЪԴ蹤㹨Ե ֧֡Ҽش¹ҾԵкҧ͹ҧҡ ҵͧѡѡҧҧ͹ Ҩաѧ༪ԭѺءҹһС÷˹

ʹʹ ͡ ͹¹ ҡʴͧ͡ѡ ءҧҾԵкҧѡʴ˧ش˧Դ Ҵ ͡ ö¡ʹʹ ʴͧ عǵͺѺ ͡ ʧФ͹¹ͧҨЪʧŧǢ ͹ʵҨ觨㹺ҧ ֧Ӵ¤ҧҨԵз蹹˹觷ҵԵâҴ ʵ ʵԪ лФͧ ѡ Фʹҧ ѧ鹡ôżش·շش֧ͧͧͺ ؤ㴺ؤ˹ ᾷ ѧ㹻Ѩغѹ ͺؤ´ҡô ҵԤ蹡ͧѧ㨡ѹСѹ 繪ǧҷӤѭǧ˹觢ͧԵͺ

Ҩоٴѧҧô §ʼ´¤͹¹ Ѻ֧ѡҡ ҨѺͨѺᢹ պ ʹ ͷͧʺdz˹Ҽҡ˹ҷͧѺöҴ Ѻ·Ҹǹ зʵԵ㹤ʧ ҨҡԵʧҸԨվѧö

ҧ˹觷Ǿطີ ù㨹֡ѭԭѡԷ () þѺ оط ⾸ѵ ǹ դ֡ҷҹҹѧ觤سСʧѹҺôҧͧ ҧͧ ҧͧ¼ҹѹ˹ѹǡѺʧ з㨹֡Ҿѧ Ҩͧ͢仴 ͹ʧҧ §¡


3. Comfort ¶֧ Ѻдǡʺ·駷ҧҧ ѧ Ե ੾ͧǴ ŵͧѴդǴ·شǴ·ش Ǵ§֡ʺТͧ õ´ (good death)" ʶҺѹᾷͧԡ ͡õ·ʹҡءҹöա§ͧ ҵ мѡ ·令仵ʧͧЭҵԺ鹰ҹͧѡҷҧᾷ Ѳ Ш¸ҵðҹдէ


4. Communication Դ͡ٴ 鹡ͧҧ Ť繼Ѻѧ (active listening) աþٴ¡ѺҧԴ¶֧鹵͹Ըաõҧ 㹪Եѧ Ҩ繼ҹ·ͧͺ çҹ






ͼش¢ͧԵ ˹觫觨зӤءԵ зҨҧʧ ( µѺ) ֡ҧ㹺ҧ觺ҧҧ 觹ҨáԨçҹѧ觤ҧ ѾԹѧ ͵㹤Դ øúҧ ͤ֡ԴҧҧСԵҹҹ öҷоҧ繤ش ੾Ф赹ѡ ͤ赹öҨТԡ 繵 ǧѧͤ֡շҧèѺûŴͧҧ觴ǹ Ǩз·ù ˹ѡ͡˹ѡ ʸѡʤ еҧʧ 觹͡ҡ¶֧ءҧҡ 㹷ҧطʹҨ觼ؤԴ᷹ؤ

١ҹҵԵ ЩѺǡѺͧѧ ҧ駼ٴç ͺҧդ´͹ ͺ¤ ֡Ӥҭ 㹡óիáԨѧ觤ҧ ҷҧáԨ ҡһöҾäպҾҾ ҡѧøúҧ й øͧա 㹡óշ繤֡Դ觤ҧͧҡ觷 ҷлг͵ѴԹ ҡêһŴͧ֡Դ͡ ҷ Դ֡ʹ·Т͢ԡѺúҧ ǡѹйѧѺӢ¼ Ӥѭ褹ͺҧö

ҧáâ͢¹ͧ੾СѺͼʶҹеӡ ١ͧ ١ Ը˹觷͡й¹Ӣͤŧ㹡д ¹ءҧҡк͡ؤż ͹¹ҨҨͧʧ ШԹҡҺؤżҹҧ˹ ҡ֧֡觷ҡк͡·ʹŧ㹡д ¹Ǽ¨ТҵԵùؤż Ѻ ش Ӥѭ͡Դ ѧաؤżѺ աûŴͧ֡дѺ˹ ҡդҡ鹡ҨѴԹ㨾ٴѺؤżµç͡ʵ


5. Children and relative ¶֧ ùӭҵԵ кصҹͧ¹ѧ Ҫǧҷ»ҧ觵ҧ ûʸ Ѵ׹Ѻԧͧ˹ ˵觤ءͧش ˵طҢѴ׹ùѧԴѺҧ觺ҧҧ öҡҡ觹 Ҩ ١ҹ ѡ Ѿѵ ҹ šš赹 ֡Դִҧ˹ҹöԴѺդ֡Դҧ ԴԴѧ ǺѺǷͧѴҡѹ繷ѡҹ ҵԵ ʹᾷоҺŤêһҧҡش ١ҹöŵͧ ;ͧҨѺôŴ´ ͹ʵ ѾѵԹ繢ͧ§Ǥ Ͷ֧ҡͧ餹蹴ŵ

㹡êͷҧԵ оطͧçй ͡ҡùԵ֡ѷ㹾ѵ ʹú筵㹤س 鹵仡йФǧ觵ҧ ҷ ص 駷ѾѵٻҾ㨷 ҧз觤ä駻ǧ ҹҡѧִԴ ˹駨Ե Ѵ׹׹ ù¨ش ѧͤҶ֧ ôաҡûҧءз觵ǵ






6. Cohesion 繡ѹҾҧ¡ѺҪԡ㹤ͺ ؤҹҪ»ФѺФͧԵŴѧ ѧҵԻѺǡѺ֡еͧ٭ºؤŷѡ

١ҹҵԵè֧÷ѧ;Ҽ ѧҧö ҹ˹ѧ͸ҿѧ ٴԭǹ֧֡ѡԷþѺ ͹֧֡觷繺ح ֧֡շº þٴ¡ѧšѺ١ҹ觷赹١ѹ йҧ觵ҧ ջª蹡ѹ Ӥѭ͡ҧҡ觤ʧ ١ҹҵԵäѴѧӾٴСáзӢзҧ§ ͧ ;ٴͧҨз ͹㨼 ֧֡ ÷÷ӡѺѧ֡觵ҧ ÷ҧǡѹʵ ҡªѡǹҷѵǴ Դ෻¸ҿѧ ӵ

ѺҡԴ¤Ѻ ͡Ǥ ѧԹ价к͡ǡѺ ˭ԧҼ˹觹ҧ§մ¤֡ȡҡº͡ѡ§ ҺѴբͧҢ ֡ԹǷͨз ҺѧѧҨԹ;ٴջԡҵͺʹͧ ¡ ѧ֧ͨѺҧº Ǻ͡ѡҧش դآѺ ѧҡ͡Ǥ ҡҡѹ ѹҡͷءҹա йҡͨШҡ ҡԴ ѹշ͡Ǩ բͧ͡͹鹪Եҧʧ

աͧ˹Է˹ ӹҨ͹ѹ觡ѹ繼 ա»աѹҡ ҽ˹繼 ա¡ ҡաҹ繼ŧͧҡʹͧᵡ ͧѺüҵѴ ICU ͹ҹҹ ҾҪ¹Էҡբ ҵԼҫԹʴҷբ м¹͹ҹջѭҢѴͧ Թʴǡ͡͹ѧҡǤ ԡ ѧ ѧҡ͹ѧҷ ICU ҼСǤ ׹鹼¡Ҩҡšҧʧ ѧҡءҹ ICU ҹҹ ػҼͤԡҡ͹ѧǹͧ

з¡ѧШҡ ѭҳվ͹ŧӴѺ ҡ١ҹҵԵûöҨСǤ ʵЧѺȡ ҡЫԺҧ ٴ֧֡ յ 蹪Тͺس㹤سբͧҷз 駢͢㹡 ǧԹ ҡ鹡ӨԵ繡觢 йһҧ觵ҧ ŧ դǧѧ ա ֧֡ѵѡԷҹѺ ҡվ鹰ҹҧҹ һҧӤѭ㹵ǵѧ÷駻ǧ Ե Ѻ͔ 駨Ե觵ç;йԾҹ ҡ鹡Ǥ






ҨǤҼ㹢зѧʵ áǤա駡͹Ҩѧջª ͷ֧˹ѡ͡áǤ йԵ觵觴է鹨աͺҡͺǢͧ㹤ʧ աþá᫧ Ѻҧ¢ͧ çҺǹ˭ ҡͧͫѭҳվ͹ŧ¹ оҺѡоªԵءԶշҧ е ෤յҧ ҷ ҡȨ仴¤ ҡ١ҹҵԵèСǶ¤ Ѻ ҼЭҵԨ駤ӹǧ˹Ң¨ҡҧʧ»Ȩҡá᫧

·仭ҵԼѡФԴêͷҧ Դ֧êͷҧԵ ֧ѡʹѺʹعա෤աᾷءҧҷͪµ㨼 觷µͧҡش êͷҧԵ ѧҡҡ˹ѡѧѡҪԵ ҨФӹ֧֧سҾШԵͧҡ ¤ ҨͧЧѺá ¨ҡҧʧҧ١ҹ ҵԵ÷ѹҧҡѹ繡Ѻؤ ʶҹԴҡȴѧҧշشѡҹͧͧ ˵ع¤֧öҷе·ҹҡҷçҺͧͫ

ҡ١ҹҵԵդЪͼ㹷ҧԵ ÷¨еѴԹԵǧش·ҹ¢


7. Cheerfulness ¶֧ ѹѺʶҹó Ҩ ըԵ㨷ʺ¢ ˹ҷҷҧͧʴԵѧԹ˵ ʴ˹ 觨з˴ҡ


8. Consistency ôżشµͧդеͧ 鹤мҹդǷж١ʹ ÷ᾷͼҵǨͨЪ·Ŵ Եѧҡ

㹡¹Ъͼ¹ ؤ˹觷Ѻҹʧҧ觡͵ͧ ͡ʴշҨʶҹó蹹鹺ѧԴ鹡Ѻѹ㴡ѹ˹ äԴ仪ҹ ҡ֡ҡö蹡ѹ 蹤ö繤 Ҩ༪ԭѺ纻Фҧáǹ繻ªҷ ѧ¨֧¹ҡҴ ͡˹ͨҡ仪

ҧá¹ҡ Ѩԧѡѹ˹ҡҧ Ҩеͧй͹躹§ ǡѹ 㹷شҡͧԹ˹ҤǡѺ ҧѹʶҹ Ըաҹ

ѨѧǨСШҧѴ觢 ҡͧ֡ҡѧʶҹóǡѺ ҵ᷹ Թҡҡѧ͹躹§ҧ˹Ҵäǡѹ 纻Ǵ ͹ ç Сѧ༪ԭѺǡѹ Ǩ٤֡ͧҧ ҤԴҾѺ͡ѺҾóѧ§ ҡѧԨóҴ÷ЪҾ Шзҧդ ҡҨз㹢з纻躹§ ҡԴҷͷҡ Ԩóúҧǧ˹ҡ͹

ӵͺҧҧҨҡ·͹˹ҹͧ ºҧлʺ㹪Ե ҵѴԹ Ҵѡ 索Ҵ١ͧ ´ä¡Ѻ ù Ѻ ºҧӧҹ ժԵº ҡѺǺͧ ༪ԭ´¤ʧ 駹繤ҧ ֧֡ ǡѹԵ·ѧЪҧ






ºҧշءǷç Ѻʵѡʧ ٴ¡Ѻ˹ҷ ѧ͹ҵԵȡ

·ǹ繤ٷ͹ ÷÷÷÷ з觼·١״Ե§ҧ֡¡ö͹ ҡͷӡѺҧ ҡͷӡѺҧ Ӷöҡºҧ蹡ѹ

繡ѹҶ֧ ͹Ѻͺ ͺѺŧʹͺԧ ҧѹ ѹ㴡ѹ Ͷ֧Ф 觷ջª ѧӤѭҡѺ÷ӨԵ١ͧҧءǷä纷 ػ Ҥêͼҧ ÷ӡѺͧҧ


9. Calmness of mind ᾷ;ҺżըԵ㨷ʧö༪ԭѺҧ֡ҴԴ˵ ʴҡµͼЭҵ

ʧСûҧ觤ҧҵԴִ㨼¹ Դҧͧӵͧպҡͺӹ´ ͧءҹ¼餹͡ §ٴµʹ §ԴԴеٷѹ ҡлФͧԵ繡Դʧ Ե㨢ͧ 觷ҵԵ ᾷоҺöҧ¡ ҧҡ觤ʧ 鹡þٴ·úǹ §ҵԵþѡҨԵ㨢ͧ ͧ Ŵ˴ ö¼ҡ ШԵͧͺǹö觼ŵͺҡеͨԵ㨢ͧ Եͧҹ´͹ öѺ֡ͧ ٴ͡ҡ ´͹ѧԴ ੾ ҹ з觼·ҡҨʡѺʨԵͧ餹ͺҧ

͡ҡ١ҹҵԵ ѧöҧҡ觤ʧ¡êѡǹѹҸǹ ҷ ҹһҹʵ ͡ԭʵԴ¡á˹ ֡ ط ͡ ֡ ⸔ ͹Ѻء駷͡ҡ 1 件֧ 10

ҡ˹дǡ Ե͡Ѻâŧͧ˹ҷͧз͡ ͷͧҧҧ˹ҷͧ ͧͧ ֡ ͧ ͡ ͧغ ֡ غ ռ秺ҧ༪ԭѺ纻Ǵ¡÷Ҹ ԵѺ͡͡þͧغͧͧ ҡ᷺ͧǴ ա駨Եѧ 蹵ǡҼ·Ҵѧա êѡǹ·ѵǴѹ աèѴͧʧдѡԷ ( վоطٻ觷þѡеԴͧ) աԸ˹觷ҧҡ觤ʧ йԵͧ㹷ҧ繡 Դŧŧ ջª㹷ҧԵ㨵ͼ´蹡ѹ ͺ¤駡աùѺѧҹ 㹷ҧʵպҷǧô ʹԷ ôšѺ׹ 繵

Ѻ·Ҷ֧ ¹繸ҢͧԵ ÷ա˹վ ׹繾÷ ö Ҩ׹§ ѡѹ˹觡ͧͤҵͧҡ ·á˹ Ҩ֧㨾Ѻء Шҷ÷㨾Ѻ¨ͧ觴ǹҡѺҹ ҾѺ ¡ͧҡա çѹѺ· شҷءЫͧ繷ءҡ Ѻ 觡Ǥ 觡Ǥҡ 㨡繷ءҡҹ ֧֡ ùҡҡѺ ¡ҡҡѺǵ

ҹ Ѻ·оѧ仡ѺõѴ׹ ᷹оѧ㹡Ѻҧʧ ͹¡觵ͧҡشѺҷԡĵ

֧شͧȵ ͤ¨еͧҶ֧͹ͧ㹰ҹԵ÷Ҫ¡е͹ СǴѹ觷觷÷ ùԵ֧֡觴է ҧح СûҧФǧ觷駻ǧ 觷ҡ Ǥ ҡФͧԵ١ͧ㹢 Եؤ Ͷ֧ش鹨ҡѯʧ ¨֧ԡĵҹ ҡѧ͡Ѻ¡дѺҧԵз٧

ǧ ͵ Ѵþ ѧѴԹ ǧຸ 繭ҵҧԴͧǧ Ѵ⤡͹ ҹкǪª 觤Ѵ͡ûԺѵԸشѯҹҧ ǧ¡ͧһԺѵŴ ѹ˹觷ҹҾҸ˹ѡóҾ ҹ ҡǧ繤شҵ ǧ件֧ ǧຸءҺ ǹ͹ٴ ҡ ʴѴ

й §ѹѴਹйŢͧǧ͡
ûԺѵԷ·ҾԺѵ ͨҹҹ Ͷ֧ҷе ӨԵ˹ ش觻ҧ

-----------------------------
* Cassem NH, Brendel RW. End of life Issue: Principle of Care and Ethics. In Stern TA, et al. Massachusetts General Handbook of General Hospital Psychiatry 5 th edition, Mosby. 2004.


͡ҧԧ : ͹ؾѹ ѹǧ Ф. ôżش (駷 16). ا෾ҹ : ͪ... ӡѴ, 2550.





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(5) ͡ҧԧ : ٹ ž ʶҺѹ觪ҵ ᾷ зǧҸóآ (2554). 移ʹ ѺЪҪ. (͹Ź). 觷 : http://www.lopburicancer.in.th/booklbrcc/3pok.pdf. ѹ׺ 17 áҤ 2554

(6) ͡ҧԧ : çҺŨó (2554). ͻЪҪ 移ʹ. (͹Ź). 觷 : http://www.cccthai.org/th_/images/stories/knowledge/book11-Lung.pdf. ѹ׺ 17 áҤ 2554

(7) ͡ҧԧ : ٹ ӻҧ ʶҺѹ觪ҵ ᾷ зǧҸóآ (2554). Ƿҧѡä移ʹ 2547-2548. (͹Ź). 觷 : http://www.lampangcancer.com/lpccWebnew/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=196&Itemid=67. ѹ׺ 17 áҤ 2554

(8) ͡ҧԧ : ٹ ӻҧ ʶҺѹ觪ҵ ᾷ зǧҸóآ (2554). ǷҧѡҾҺä移ʹ Դ Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC). (͹Ź). 觷 : http://www.lampangcancer.com/lpccWebnew/images/pdf/upWEB/CpgLung/P2.pdf. ѹ׺ 17 áҤ 2554

(9) ͡ҧԧ : ʶҺѹ觪ҵ ᾷ зǧҸóآ (2554). ǷҧõǨԹԨѡä移ʹ. (͹Ź). 觷 : http://www.nci.go.th/cpg/cpg5.html. ѹ׺ 17 áҤ 2554

(10) ͡ҧԧ : ҤҺѳä觻 㹾кҪٻ (2554). ǷҧǪԺѵ ԹԨä移ʹ (͹Ź). 觷 http://www.thaichest.org/atat3/pdf/guideline/bca.pdf. ѹ׺ 19 áҤ 2554





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ǴФҶҪԹѭ








ǴʹСѳûԮ







Ǵ⾪ѧԵ







ǧͪ ҷҹ 5







ǧͪ ͹÷Ҹ







ǧͨѭ͹ҹ ͹ 1/9







ǧͨѭ͹ҹ ͹ 2/9







ǧͨѭ͹ҹ ͹ 3/9







ǧͨѭ͹ҹ ͹ 4/9







ǧ ԧ ͹ҹ 1








ǧ ԧ ͹ҹ 40 ͹ 1







ǧ ԧ ͹ҹ 40 ͹ 2







ǧ ԧ ͹ҹ 40 ͹ 3







ǧ ԧ ͹ҹ 40 ͹ 4







ǧ;ظ ҹ ͹ҹ







иȹҢͧҨԧͧ







ǻѵлԻҢͧҨԧͧ







ǻѵлԻҢͧǧ ѵ







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Download ˹ѧ;иȹ ǧͪ ѷ (PDF)  Download ˹ѧѷҹó ش..ԡѧ (PDF) (21.06 MB)  Download ˹ѧ͸ǧ ѵ (PDF) (8.5MB)  Download ˹ѧѹԸ٪ ǧѡ ѹԸ (PDF) (37.97 MB)  Download ˹ѧ˹չá ǧԧ (PDF)
Download ˹ѧѧª 10 ǧԧ (PDF)  ǹŴ (Download):  ˹ѧѴҺҹҴ (PDF) (10.72 MB) (  ǹŴ (Download):  ˹ѧɰո (ǧ Ÿ) (PDF) (6.83 MB) (  ǹŴ (Download):  ˹ѧͪԵ¹ѡ 稾Эҳѧ (PDF)  ǹŴ (Download):  ˹ѧͷҧèø ¾оسó (.. ص) (PDF)
ǹŴ (Download):  ˹ѧԸǾط ¾оسó (.. ص) (PDF)   ǹŴ (Download): ˹ѧ;ǧ (ǧҺ ҳѹ) (PDF) (7.98 MB)    ǹŴ (Download):  ˹ѧͨԵԪ ѡ駷ҧԵ (Ҩ ) (PDF) (3.97 MB)  Download ˹ѧԴѺآ ¾   (PDF)  Download E-Book .Ǫ




ǹŴ˹ѧ͸ çúþҨ (Download E-Book) :

ǹŴ (Download):  ˹ѧǧ Է ѵ ѵ лԻ (ç˹ѧͺþҨ  1) (PDF) (12.5 MB)  ǹŴ (Download):   ˹ѧǧ ͨŸ ѹķؤѨغѹ (ç˹ѧͺþҨ  2)  (PDF) (15.77 MB)  ǹŴ (Download):  ˹ѧǧǹ بԳ (ç˹ѧͺþҨ  3) (PDF) (19.12 MB)  ǹŴ (Download): ˹ѧǧ ͹ (ç˹ѧͺþҨ  4) (PDF) (12.53 MB)
ǹŴ (Download): ˹ѧ;ФǡطԨ ǧ˭ ڵ лҨ˭¾Сҹ (ç˹ѧͺþҨ  5) (PDF) (12.13 MB)  ǹŴ (Download): ˹ѧ;Сҹҹ (͹ 1) (ç˹ѧͺþҨ  6) (PDF) (24.41 MB)  ǹŴ (Download): ˹ѧ;Сҹҹ (͹ 2) (ç˹ѧͺþҨ  7) (PDF) (43.49 MB)  ǹŴ (Download): ˹ѧǧ ڷ (ç˹ѧͺþҨ  8) (PDF) (70.26 MB)
ǹŴ (Download): ˹ѧǧͺ ҹ (ç˹ѧͺþҨ  9) (PDF) (10.17 MB)  ǹŴ (Download): ǧʡ ѧ (ç˹ѧͺþҨ  10) (PDF) (10.17 MB)  ǹŴ (Download): ˹ѧǧ Ҩ (ç˹ѧͺþҨ  11).pdf (PDF) (14.3 MB)  ǹŴ (Download): ǧ طڸҨ (ç˹ѧͺþҨ  12).pdf (PDF) (13.41 MB)




ǹŴ˹ѧԸջԺѵҸ Իʹҡѯҹ (Download E-Book) :

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ǹŴ˹ѧ͸ Ѻ, ҵ мѡ (Download E-Book) :

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ǹŴ˹ѧ;ûԮ :

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ǹŴ˹ѧ͸з (Download E-Book) :

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Google

 С
 иȹҢͧǧҺ ҳѹ ѴҺҹҴ ѧѴشøҹ    иԾ оسó (.. ص) Ѵҳȡѹ
 Ǻҹ¹кͧ    Ѵѧҹ . (ǧʹͧ ح) : Ѵѡä



 ѧ   ôҾԵ㨼





ǹŴ (Download): Ե ʶԵ ǢͧѺ:

ǹŴ (Download) : Ѳ շ 18, Ѻ 1  2555 (PDF)
ǹŴ (Download) : Ѳ շ 17, Ѻ 1  2554 (PDF)
ǹŴ (Download) : ˹ѧ Cancer in Thailand Volume.5, 2001-2003 (PDF)





ǹŴ (Download): ͡, зǢͧ:

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ǹŴ (Download) : ͡ ФǡѺպӺѴ (PDF)  ǹŴ (Download) : ͡ ФǡѺѧѡ, ôŵͧͧ·Ѻѧѡ   (PDF)  ǹŴ (Download) : ͡ ФͤǺҡûǴѺäФͺ, ҡûǴҡä (PDF)  ǹŴ (Download) :  ͡ Ф͡ôżä, ôżäش·ҹ (PDF)
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ǹŴ (Download):  ǷҧûԺѵԡ觵ͼ©ءԹҡҹ (PDF)




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ԧ (Link): ͧʹǡѺ

ԧ (Link): õǨԹԨԸ PET-CT ᡹  ..ѷþ ෾  ԧ (Link): Bone Scan: õǨ᡹д١ (.͹ ǧ; ᾷʵ Է§) (PDF)   ԧ (Link) : üҵѴ秷äШ¨ԧ (..ʹ ѵԨԵŻ : ҤԪʵ  ҢԪʵ  ҹ ᾷʵҪҺ)
ԧ (Link): Ţҧ§ҡպӺѴ (ҢѧѡԷ ҤԪѧԷ ŧóԷ)  ԧ (Link): ǡѺѧѡ éѧͧͷҧѧѡ (ҢѧѡԷ ҤԪѧԷ ŧóԷ)
ԧ (Link): ٵõҹ ( ..ҭ Һó; ¨ҡ移ʹش) : Ũҡ Ѵӻ ѧѴʡŹ


 ԧ (Link): õǨ MRI





ԧ (Link): ᾷҧ͡, ᾷἹ иҵԺӺѴ

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ԧ (Link): Gerson Institute
 (ѡҵǸҵԺӺѴ)





Link: ԧ ˹§ҹ, ʶҺѹ, ͧ зǢͧѺ

ԧ (Link) :  ʶҺѹ觪ҵ ᾷ зǧҸóآ  ԧ (Link) :  ҢѧѡԷ ҤԪѧԷ ŧóԷ
ԧ (Link) : ʶҹԷҪ  ԧ (Link) : çä ᾷʵ çҺҸԺ
ԧ (Link) :  Ѵӻ .ʡŹ (ǧһѪ  ø) : Ѵѡä



 http://www.cancer.gov: National Cancer Institute   http://www.eortc.be: European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer   http://www.oncolink.org: OncoLink (University of Pennsylvania) բŢҡ ҹäѴ͡еǨͺ editorial board ͧ OncoLink , բШѻǡѺä, ѴͧԨä秷վ, ûЪҧԪҡõҧ
 http://www.iarc.fr/: The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC)   http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed: Pubmed ͧͤҰҹ ¡Ũҡҹ MEDLINE 觻Сͺҧԧ, Ѵ кҧԷʵЪǪʵ






Link: ԧ ˹§ҹ, ʶҺѹ, ͧôҹҸóآ зǢͧ

 зǧҸóآ





 ͧѪ 
 آҾԵ

 ҡҪҴ



ᾷ  ѹᾷ   ෤Ԥᾷ   ҡҾӺѴ   Ѫ   ҡþҺ



 ӹѡҹѡСѹآҾ觪ҵ (ʻʪ.)  ӹѡҹͧعʹѺʹعҧآҾ (.)



 ӹѡҹСѹѧ






ǹŴ (Download): , С, º, ͺѧѺ,

ǹŴ (Download) :  ҪѭѵԪҪվǪ ..2525  ǹŴ (Download) :  ҪѭѵԡûСͺäŻ (Ѻ 3) ..2550
ǹŴ (Download) :  ҪѭѵآҾ觪ҵ (Ѻ 2) ..2553  ǹŴ (Download) :  ҪѭѵԡᾷءԹ ..2551

ǹŴ (Download) : ͺѧѺᾷ  ǹŴ (Download) : ͺѧѺ, С º ѹᾷ



ԧ (Link) : ҪԨҹມ : ҾкҪͧ, Ҫѭѵ, Ҫ˹, Ҫɮա, зǧ, С, º, ͺѧѺ Ф





ǹŴ (Download): ͡âŷҧᾷҸóآӤѭ

ǹŴ (Download) : ԷԼ  ǹŴ (Download) : ԷԡѺŢ  ǹŴ (Download) : Ѻͧᾷ





ԧ (Link): Թҧ, Ἱ, ҧ С觡Ѻҧҡ :

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 ö觻 : ˹µǧ˹, ҧԹöҤҤ, кԴǹö    ¡硫 (Taxi)


 Ǩͺ, ӹdz зҧ оἹ   Ǩͺ, ҾԡѴ
 GPS   ǨͺҾèҨ   Near Real Time
 ǨͺʶҹóӡѺ Ѿҡù зǧѾҡ÷ѾҡøҵǴ   Ǩͺ鹷ҧӷҧǧ ¡ҧǧ   ǨͺҡԹö
 öШӷҧ   鹷ҧԹö俿Թ MRT   鹷ҧԹö俿 BTS
 Ңö ا෾  (з§)  ҧѧѴ   ö   ʹǹҾ






ԧ (Link): ŢѾ, õԴ Сâ

 YellowPages (ྨ) : ŢѾ

 ;ѡ ʡʤ. (;ѡ)



 ѷ ͷ ӡѴ (Ҫ)
   ѷ ʷ äҤ ӡѴ (Ҫ)   AIS   DTAC   Truemove   ɳ : ԡô  š







ԧ (Link): Ἱ


 Google Map:     Maps.com:  ͷ



 ҤἹçҺ   ҤἹçҺ
 ʶҹպԡ LPG   ʶҹպԡ NGV







Facebook: ʺ  к, ŧ¹ ¹  Twitter: Ե  ŧҹ  YouTube: ٷٻ   ҹ  Wikipedia: ԡԾ ҹء  Ŵ (Download) :  Adobe Reader   Google Map:    Ŵ (Download) Adobe Flash Player





ҷҹ 5



ǧͪ ҷҹ 5



ط, طس Ǵ ǧͨѭ Ե



ѵ Ǵ ǧͨѭ Ե



ѵ Ǵ ǧͨѭ Ե



ѵ Ǵ ǧط Ը



اҡ Ǵ ǧͨѭ Ե



ǴФҶҪԹѭ



ǴʹСѳûԮ



Ǵ⾪ѧԵ



ФҶѡѵ



ǧͪ ͹÷Ҹ



ǧͨѭ͹ҹ ͹ 3/9



ǧͨѭ͹ҹ ͹ 4/9



ǧ ԧ ͹ҹ 40 ͹ 1



ǧ ԧ ͹ҹ 40 ͹ 2



ǧ ԧ ͹ҹ 40 ͹ 3



ǧ ԧ ͹ҹ 40 ͹ 4



ǧ;ظ ҹ ͹ҹ









ԧ (Link): , , ǡѺӷ



 駢ͤ (Thaiflood.com)




Thaiflood

 18 ԸѺ͹ӷ   á͹ӷ   Ѻҧӷ
 ;¾   Ŵʴط» (Ũҡ GISTDA)   ҾʴдѺ٧Ӣͧ鹷ا෾ҹ л ͡͹ǢͧŹ
 ԡĵóӷ 2554 (Crisis Map)   ǨͺἹӷѺ esri Thailand   ʶҹó͹
 Ǩͺ鹷ҧӷҧǧ ¡ҧǧ   Ἱ鹷ҧ˹չӷҡ . Ҥ˹, ҹ    ʹö˹չӷ Ѻʺط
 ෤Ԥҧ ͺ” ӷ
 ûͧѹҺҹ ԸشԴͧҧҺҹ   ͵ͧѺö¹ ӷ!!! öӤûԺѵҧ   ÷ҧ
 Фǔ Ѻ¹¹ӷ   ûԺѵԡê¿鹪Ե鹾鹰ҹ (Basic Cardio Life Support : BCLS) (ᾷ)   Ъ¤ҧ (..ѹ Է)


ǹŴ (Download): ͡ ǡѺӷ

ǹŴ (Download): Flood Fighting Methods (PDF)  ǹŴ (Download): British Columbia Flood Plan (BC Flood Plan) (PDF)  ǹŴ (Download): Fact Sheet Floods (FEMA) (PDF)
ǹŴ (Download): Ѻʶҹóӷ (Ѵ : Է§) (PDF)  ǹŴ (Download): Ѻ͹ӷҡ (PDF)  ǹŴ (Download): äҡѺӷ (PDF)  ǹŴ (Download): աҧ͡˹觢ͧ٪վҧ (öͧ) (PDF)
ǹŴ (Download): اͻͧѹӷ (..  ҹ) (PDF)  ǹŴ (Download): 6 ǷҧѹҷҺҹ (..  ҹ) (PDF)  ǹŴ (Download): Ըջͧѹöҡ¹ӷ (PDF)  ǹŴ (Download): ֡ѧ  ¹ӷ 㨡͹¹ӷ ѺЪҪ (آҾԵ зǧҸóآ) (PDF)
ǹŴ (Download): ҪѭѵԻͧѹкҸó ..2550 (PDF)  ǹŴ (Download): Ҫ˹úҪʶҹóءԹ ..2548 (PDF)




ŢѾӤѭ :




 ˹ѧ;Ѱ   ˹ѧ;Թ   ˹ѧ;Ѵ֡   ˹ѧ;ʴ   ˹ѧ;ҹͧ

 TV 3   TV 5   TV 7   ModerNine TV   Thai PBS



Ayutthaya Thai Flood 2011



ӷا෾ 2485 (Bangkok floods in 1942)



Nuidears Flood Control



mobile flood barrier



اö



ͤûԺѵԢѺöǧӷ



Thai PBS ԡĵӷ ö 1/5 (23 ..54



Thai PBS ԡĵӷ ö 2/5 (23 ..54



Thai PBS ԡĵӷ ö 3/5 (23 ..54)



Thai PBS ԡĵӷ ö 4/5 (23 ..54)



Thai PBS ԡĵӷ ö 5/5 (23 ..54)



Thai PBS ԡĵӷ - ͺҹ 1/6 (22 ..54)



ŧ ʺء ʺ 仴¡ѹ (Ѻͧ ѡҹ¾պ



ŧ (Ѻͧ Һ)



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